Abstract W MP78: Intravascular Volume Delpetion in Hypertensive ED Stroke Patients
Objective: The hypertensive response in acute stroke may mask patients who could be volume depleted. Our objective was to determine the incidence of stroke patients that are volume depleted despite hypertension. This is a pilot study using sonographic markers of volume status as compared to common clinical indicators of volume status.
Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of suspected ischemic stroke patients with a NIHSS ≥ 4 and symptoms onset < 24 hours. Exclusion criteria were pregnancy, age < 18, or ICH. Trained investigators performed a sonographic assessment of volume status. An IVC collapsibility index (IVC-CI) > 50% was used to define volume depletion. Investigators collected demographic and clinical information, and laboratory markers of dehydration (elevated blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio, hemoconcentration or high serum osmolality). A standardized questionnaire was given to treating clinicians who were blinded to the IVC-CI. They indicated their assessment of the patient's volume status. The analysis excluded subjects ultimately diagnosed with a stroke mimic. Analysis incorporated descriptive and regression statistics using SAS 9.3. The local IRB approved the study.
Results: 23 subjects were enrolled, 4 had stroke mimics and were excluded from analysis. Mimics consisted of psychogenic disorders and myelopathy. The mean age was 64 years, 89% were Black, 68% female, and 95% had preexisting HTN. The mean NIHSS was 9.2, the mean time from symptom onset 309 minutes and the mean presenting SBP 170 ± 31 mmHg. 68% of subjects had a cortical infarct on MRI and the remaining had lacunar infarcts. The mean IVC-CI was 70 ± 21% and 84% (95% CI 68 - 100%) of subjects had IVC-CI > 50%. Laboratory markers of dehydration were present in 5% of subjects. Treating physicians classified 29% as subjects as hypovolemic. There was no correlation between IVC-CI and SBP, NIHSS, infarct location or laboratory markers of dehydration (r = 0.04 - 0.29, p > 0.23).
Conclusions: This pilot study suggests that despite being hypertensive, the majority of ED stroke patients have US indications of volume depletion and may be able to tolerate volume expansion. Future studies may identify which patients have improvement in cerebral perfusion with volume expansion.
Author Disclosures: C. Lewandowski: None. J. Miller: None. L. Rodriquez: None. J. Suszanski: None. J. Levely: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.