Abstract W MP87: PDGF Contributes to BMSC Treatment Induced Neurogenesis and White Matter and Axonal Remodeling in T2DM Stroke Rats
Objective: Our previous studies have found that bone-marrow-stromal cell (BMSC) treatment of stroke in Type two DM (T2DM) rats, initiated at 3 days after stroke, improved functional recovery. Neurogenesis and white matter (WM) remodeling play an important role in neurorestorative effects after stroke. In this study, we tested whether BMSCs regulate neurogenesis and WM remodeling and the underlying mechanisms of BMSC induced neurorestorative effects in T2DM stroke rats.
Methods: T2DM was induced with streptozotocin injection in addition to a high fat diet. T2DM rats were subjected to 2h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo), then treated with human BMSCs (5X106) or vehicle control (n=8/group) initiated at 3 days after MCAo and rats were monitored for 28 days. Neuroblast migration, WM changes, and gene and protein expression were measured in the ischemic brain. Subventricular zone (SVZ) explant cell migration and primary cortical neuron (PCN) axonal outgrowth measurements were performed in vitro.
Results: BMSC treatment in T2DM rats significantly improves functional outcome and increases WM remodeling identified by increased myelin and axonal density. BMSCs also increase the neuroblast migration protein doublecortin (DCX, 25.0±4.3% vs control: 4.5±1.1%), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AA, and bFGF expression in the ischemic border zone. Angiogenic ELISA array data are consistent with the immunostaining data, showing that BMSC treatment increases PDGF-AA (2.1 fold), PDGF-BB (2.5 fold) and bFGF (1.8 fold) in the ischemic brain. Using an in vitro cell culture model, we found that BMSCs secrete high levels of PDGF. PDGF treatment significantly increases SVZ explant cell migration (1.7 fold) and PCN axonal outgrowth (1.9 fold) compared to non-treatment control. Inhibition of PDGF with neutralized anti-PDGF antibody significantly attenuates BMSC conditioned medium induced SVZ cell migration and PCN axon outgrowth.
Conclusion: BMSC treatment of stroke in T2DM increases WM remodeling and neurogenesis as well as increases PDGF expression. PDGF not only promotes neuronal migration, but also increases axonal outgrowth. Therefore, increasing PDGF likely contributes to BMSC induced neurogenesis and WM remodeling in T2DM stroke rats.
Author Disclosures: A. Zacharek: None. T. Yan: None. M. Chopp`: None. P. Venkat: None. R. Ning: None. C. Roberts: None. J. Chen: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.