Abstract W P112: Effects of Acute versus Post-acute Systemic Delivery of Neural Progenitor Cells on Neurological Recovery and Brain Remodeling After Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Mice
Intravenous transplantation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) induces functional recovery after stroke, albeit grafted cells are not integrated into residing neural networks. However, a systematic analysis of intravenous NPC delivery at acute and post-acute time points and their long-term consequences does not exist. Male C57BL6 mice were exposed to cerebral ischemia, and NPCs were intravenously grafted on day 0, on day 1 or on day 28. Animals were allowed to survive for up to 84 days. Mice and tissues were used for immunohistochemical analysis, flow cytometry, ELISA and behavioral tests.
Density of grafted NPCs within the ischemic hemisphere was increased when cells were transplanted on day 28 as compared to transplantation on days 0 or 1. Likewise, transplantation on day 28 yielded enhanced neuronal differentiation rates of grafted cells. Post-ischemic brain injury, however, was only reduced when NPCs were grafted at acute time points. On the contrary, reduced post-ischemic functional deficits due to NPC delivery were independent of transplantation paradigms. NPC-induced neuroprotection after acute cell delivery was due to stabilization of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB), reduction of microglial activation and modulation of both peripheral and central immune responses. On the other hand, post-acute NPC transplantation stimulated post-ischemic regeneration via enhanced angioneurogenesis and increased axonal plasticity.
Acute NPC delivery yields long-term neuroprotection via enhanced BBB integrity and modulation of post-ischemic immune responses, whereas post-acute NPC delivery increases post-ischemic angioneurogenesis and axonal plasticity. Post-ischemic functional recovery, however, is independent of NPC delivery timing, which offers a broad therapeutic time window for stroke treatment.
Author Disclosures: T.R. Doeppner: None. B. Kaltwasser: None. M.K. Theli: None. E. Bretschneider: None. M. Bähr: None. D.M. Hermann: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Servier (France).
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.