Abstract W P115: Utilization of Blood Sampling Global Oxygen Extraction Fraction and SPECT to Anticipate Cerebral Hyperperfusion Syndrome Following Elective Carotid Artery Stenting
Background: It is required to anticipate cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) following carotid artery stenting (CAS).
Purpose: The purpose of our retrospective study was to investigate whether or not blood sampling oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and post-CAS CBF increase in SPECT had relation to CHS following CAS.
Methods: Included in our analysis were patients (1) who underwent elective CAS in our institution between October 2010 and May 2014, and (2) who underwent blood sampling for OEF calculation before and immediately after CAS, and (3) who underwent SPECT before and just after CAS. OEF was calculated from cerebral arteriovenous oxygen difference. Arterial blood was sampled from the common carotid artery and venous blood from the dominant-sided superior jugular bulb. CHS was defined as pulsatile headaches, restlessness, convulsion, and/or new neurological symptoms not due to cerebral ischemia within seven days following CAS. CBF was measured before and just after CAS. CBF increase in the CAS side was defined as follows; (post-CAS CBF ratio - pre-CAS CBF ratio) of more than 10%, where CBF ratio was defined as CAS-sided fronto-parietal CBF divided by ipsilateral cerebellar CBF (%).
Evaluated were baseline features in patients, pre-CAS OEF, post-CAS OEF, CBF ratio, CBF increase and CHS.
Results: During the study period, 134 patients matched our criteria for analysis. Pre-CAS OEF was 0.41+-0.06, post-CAS OEF was 0.42+-0.08, pre-CAS CBF ratio: 88.7+-15.4%, CBF increase: 1.86+-12.3%. Nine patients presented CHS. Among them, pre-CAS OEF, CBF ratio and CBF increase were significant. ROC curves showed that pre-CAS OEF of 0.46 (p<0.001, OR: 9.3), CBF ratio of 92%(p<0.05, OR: 6.5), CBF increase of 8.8% (p<0.005, OR: 6.6) were cut-off values. Among 10 patients with pre-CAS OEF of more than 0.46 and CBF increase of more than 8.8%, 4 patients presented CHS (p<0.0001, OR;15.9).
Conclusion: Elevation of pre-CAS OEF and increase of post-CAS CBF were strongly related to CHS.
Author Disclosures: T. Mori: None. T. Iwata: None. Y. Tanno: None. S. Kasakura: None. Y. Aoyagi: None. K. Yoshioka: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.