Abstract W P125: Telephone versus In-person Psychosocial Behavioral Treatment in Post-Stroke Depression
Background: We previously showed that a brief psychosocial behavioral intervention delivered in-person by advanced practice nurses was effective in reducing post-stroke depression (PSD).
Purpose: This randomized clinical trial compared a shortened (6 week) intervention by telephone or in-person to usual care in volunteers within 4 months of an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke.
Methods: 100 stroke survivors who screened positive for depression (Geriatric Depression Score >11) were randomized to usual care (UC), telephone intervention (TI), or in-person intervention (IPI). Primary outcomes were percent reduction in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) at 8 weeks, 21 weeks and 12 months following study entry. Outcome assessors were masked to randomization status.
Results: All three groups had similar depression scores at baseline (HDRS mean 18 for UC and TI, 19 for IPI). The mean percent reduction in HDRS scores for telephone and in-person groups was 42% and 40% immediately following the intervention at 8 weeks compared to a 30% reduction in the usual care group. However the difference only trended toward significance, controlling for age, with older age associated with better response (p = 0.31). There was a greater early reduction in depression in the UC group than in our previous work (30% HDRS reduction vs 18% at 8 weeks). By 21 weeks and 12 months following entry there was no significant difference between groups in HDRS reduction (40% UC, 40% TI, 39% IPI and 37% UC, 42% TI and 44% IPI, respectively).
Conclusions: A brief psychosocial intervention for PSD reduced depression somewhat more than usual care (p=.31) right after treatment but the difference between groups was even less at 21 weeks and one year following entry. The reduction in depression was slightly smaller than in our earlier study for the intervention groups, and the usual care group improved more. The comparability of telephone and in-person follow-up and treatment for depression is important given mandated post-hospital follow-up for comprehensive stroke centers. The improved response to brief therapy for older participants suggests tailoring of care to provide individualized follow-up.
Author Disclosures: C.J. Kirkness: Research Grant; Significant; NIH grant. K.J. Becker: Research Grant; Significant; NIH grant. K.C. Cain: Research Grant; Significant; NIH grant. R. Kohen: Research Grant; Significant; NIH grant. D.L. Tirschwell: Research Grant; Significant; NIH grant. L. Teri: Research Grant; Modest; NIH grant. R.R. Veith: Research Grant; Modest; NIH grant. P.H. Mitchell: Research Grant; Significant; NIH grant.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.