Abstract W P156: Arterial Stiffness in Older Adults With and Without Stroke
Introduction: Silent cerebrovascular infarcts resulting from vascular disease can manifest as a decline in cognitive function. These silent events are also associated with increased risk of clinically overt stroke. Arterial stiffness is a marker that represents atherosclerotic progression and is a predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality. This study examined the relationship between arterial stiffness and cognitive impairment between adults aged 50-80 years old with and without stroke. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that elevated arterial stiffness would be observed in individuals with stroke, and also be associated with increased cognitive impairment across all participants. Methods: Cognition was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Arterial stiffness was quantified using carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV, in m/s), calculated as cfPWV=D/Δt, where D was the distance measured between arterial sites and Δt was the pulse transit time. Higher values represent increased stiffness, and values >10 m/s are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events. Results: Twenty-five participants were assessed: 11 participants 4.7±2.4 years post-stroke and 14 older adults without stroke. The non-stroke group was older (73.1±3.9 vs. 65.2±9.4 years, P=0.009), while the stroke group had lower MoCA scores (21.2±3.2 vs. 24.4±2.8, P=0.01). There were no between-group differences in cfPWV (stroke 9.4 m/s vs. older adults 9.9 m/s, P=0.49), when controlling for age and MoCA scores. In backward regression analysis, age explained 21% of the variance of cfPWV (P=0.03), while MoCA was not a contributor. Conclusions: In conclusion, these results suggest that age is a significant correlate of arterial stiffness, regardless of the presence of stroke or cognitive impairment. Ongoing work will examine whether stroke history also contributes to arterial stiffness when groups are matched for age.
Author Disclosures: A. Tang: Research Grant; Significant; Beyond VO2peak: Understanding exercise- induced changes in cardiovascular function after stroke, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Co-Investigator, Fit for Function: A community wellness program for persons with stroke, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Co-Principal Investigator. Other Research Support; Significant; Clinician Scientist Phase I, Heart and Stroke Foundation Ontario, Salary, Early Researcher Award, Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, Research infrastructure. D. Shkredova: None. D.W. Stouth: None. M.J. MacDonald: None. J.J. Heisz: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.