Abstract W P157: Frequency of Occurrence and Predictors of Myocardial Infarction after Incident Ischemic Stroke: A Population-Based Study
Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in ischemic stroke (IS) patients. IS and CAD often coexist and share common risk factors. Absolute risk and predictors of myocardial infarction (MI) in IS and by IS etiology subtype is not well known. We determined the risk of MI and its predictors in patients with incident IS in a population based cohort.
Methods: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) medical records linkage system we identified all residents with incident IS in a 5-year period between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 1994. Comprehensive medical records were reviewed and variables of interest were retrieved and analyzed. Univariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were constructed to assess hazard ratios and 95% CI for predictors of MI occurrence after IS.
Results: We identified 490 persons with IS, mean age at IS was 76.6 (SD 12.9) years, mean follow up to death or final follow-up was 6.5 (SD 6.3, range 0.0-23.8) years. There were 126 recurrent strokes and 93 MIs during followup. The 1-year actuarial risk of MI was 3.6% (95% CI, 2.2% - 5.9%), and 5-year actuarial risk of MI was 11.4% (95% CI, 8.4% - 15.3%). Univariate predictors of MI included (HR; 95% CI): age (1.02;1.0-1.04), pre-IS history of MI (1.37;1.13-1.65), CHF (1.85;1.06-3.23), CABG (2.11;1.19-3.75), left ventricular dyskinesia (2.14;1.32-3.4), peripheral vascular disease (1.32;1.18-1.49), diabetes mellitus (1.54;1.21-1.96), elevated creatinine (1.93;1.44-2.59), LDL level (1.01;1.00-1.01).
Conclusion: MI is common after first IS. Several factors predicted an increased risk of MI after stroke, and should be taken into account in determining CAD screening strategies at the time of IS. Recurrent stroke was more common than MI during long-term followup.
Author Disclosures: P. Sedova: None. N.M. Kramer: None. J.P. Klaas: None. J. Mandrekar: None. R.D. Brown: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.