Abstract W P167: Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Wake-Up Stroke
Introduction: Stroke that occurs during sleep or wake-up stroke (WUS) accounts for nearly 30% of all ischemic strokes. Little is known about the characteristics of WUS and whether this stroke presentation is associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
Methods: Patients with ischemic stroke were divided into WUS and non-WUS groups. Excluded were patients with iatrogenic, hemorrhagic, and dissection/aneurysmal strokes. Participants underwent polysomnography and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Collected data included: demographic, medical, anthropomorphic, ambulatory blood pressure, infarct location and mechanism, cholesterol, and polysomnographic (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and oxygen desaturation index).
Results: Among 165 participants, 30.3% had WUS. There was no difference in age or race between WUS and non-WUS groups, but there was a trend for the WUS group to have more men (74.0% vs. 59.6%; p=0.08). Cardiovascular risk factor profiles did not differ between the two groups including: history of stroke, HTN, DM, dyslipidemia, or atrial fibrillation. WUS was less likely than non-WUS to occur by cryptogenic mechanism (14.3% vs. 27.7%; p=0.05). There was a trend for WUS to occur less in the posterior circulation (22.0% vs. 36.0%; p=0.08). LDL cholesterol was significantly higher in the WUS group (114.5±36.3 vs. 101.4±37.6; p=0.04). SBP did not differ between the two groups, but DBP was significantly greater in the WUS group (82.4±7.8 vs. 78.3±9.7; p=0.03). Percentage of those with non-dipping blood pressure (<10% drop in MAP) did not differ between WUS and non-WUS groups (70.0% vs. 83.6%; p=0.12; n=103). Neither AHI (22.5±18.6 vs. 19.7±18.9; p=0.46) nor the frequency of OSA differed between groups (81.5% vs. 79.6%; p=0.84). There was a trend toward higher oxygen desaturation index in the WUS group (49.5±57.3 vs. 33.9±28.3 [events per hour sleep]; p=0.13). Stroke severity did not differ according to NIH stroke scale or modified Rankin scale.
Conclusion: WUS compared to non-WUS is associated with significantly higher diastolic blood pressure and LDL cholesterol. WUS does not appear more strongly associated with OSA or non-dipping BP than is non-WUS; however, there was a trend toward more frequent oxygen desaturation in WUS.
Author Disclosures: B.B. Koo: None. H.K. Yaggi: None. L. Qin: None. L. Tobias: None. D. Bravata: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.