Abstract W P173: Providing Education on Primary Risk Factors for Stroke to African American Females 18 Years and Older
Stroke is fourth leading cause of death and primary contributor to adult disability in US. Mortality has declined in past 10 years, but prevalence has increased; indicating public risk factor education should be a higher priority. Education is especially important for high-risk individuals
Methods: this project assessed knowledge and motivation for behavioral changes in African American females (AAF) >18 years of age before/after a presentation regarding stroke risk factors. A community-based program utilizing video and group discussions was developed using AHA/ASA/NSA resources. A post intervention tool included demographic information and participants’ knowledge regarding stroke symptoms/risk factors. Results are used to plan future education programs
Results: fifty-one AAF attended a presentation and completed a survey. Participants were divided into three groups for analysis: 18-35 yo, young; 36-55 yo, middle-aged; and 56+ yo, older. There were 12(24%) young participants, 19 (37.2 %)middle-aged participants, and 20 (39.2%) were older. Prior to educational sessions, participants reported having learned about stroke primarily from television, 28 (55%); doctor, 28 (55%); and family, 25 (50%). Participants identified stroke risk factors as hypertension, 16 (31%); smoking, 10 (20%); obesity, 10 (20%); diabetes, 6 (12%); atrial fibrillation, 3 (6%); and hyperlipidemia, 2 (4%). Participants plan to reduce risk factors through exercise, 17 (33%); diet,11 (22%); and medications, 9 (18%). Forty-four (86%) of participants would call 911 for suspected stroke. The FAST acronym was used to educate participants on signs/symptoms of stroke. The post education survey showed majority of participants were able to name at least one/three signs for stroke, including facial droop, 31 (61%); arm/leg weakness, 28 (55%); and speech changes, 28 (55%).
Conclusion: participant responses support literature indicating multiple sources of information are necessary to increase/improve public awareness of stroke risk factors/symptoms. However, ongoing education needed for public to retain knowledge of stroke. Considering cultural differences in populations when designing stroke educational programs is important to utilize the most effective media.
Author Disclosures: M. Mathews: None. D. Wang: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.