Abstract W P21: Should We Perform Thrombectomy In Patients With Wake-up Strokes? A Case Series Using Ct Perfusion For Patient Selection
Background and objectives: Approximately 25% of patients who present with acute ischemic stroke are wake-up strokes. These patients are often not treated with IV thrombolytics because of unclear onset of symptoms. Little data exists on endovascular therapy as acute treatment for this population, particularly with an aspiration technique. The objective of this study is to compare outcomes of patients who presented with wake-up strokes due to large vessel occlusion treated with neuroendovascular procedures versus those who received conservative treatment, based on a 2-year (2012-2013), single center experience at Ochsner Medical Center in New Orleans, LA.
Method: 24 consecutive patients, who presented with wake-up strokes, were outside the IV tPA window, and had both CTA confirmed intracranial LVO and CT-perfusion data upon arrival to our institution were retrospectively studied. Patients with hemorrhages, tandem lesions, or high-grade carotid stenosis were excluded from this analysis. Decision to perform endovascular treatment was made by the vascular neurologist and neuro-interventionalist based on stroke severity and CTA/perfusion data. Patients in group 1 (n = 8) underwent endovascular revascularization procedures; patients in group 2 (n = 16) were treated conservatively (medical management alone). Presentation NIHSS, risk factors, mortality, discharge NIHSS, discharge mRS, and follow up mRS were compared.
Results: There were no statistical differences in patient population regarding age, gender, and risk factors. There was no statistical difference in their initial NIHSS (16.8 vs. 21.8, p=0.05162), or mortality (0% vs 21%, pr=0.262). The two groups were statistically different in their discharge NIHSS (7.25 vs 21.81, p<0.00045), discharge mRS (2 vs 5, p<0.00001), clinic follow up mRS (1.37 vs 4.94, p<0.00001), and good outcome at discharge (mRS 0-2)(75% vs 0%, pr<0.0002).
Conclusion: Patients with wake-up strokes, LVO, and favorable CT-perfusion data who underwent neuroendovascular reperfusion treatment had significantly better outcomes in our population, despite similar stroke severity at presentation. This suggests that with careful selection, neuroendovascular therapy for wake-up strokes may lead to improved outcomes.
Author Disclosures: G. Vidal: None. J. Milburn: None. G. Bennett: None. V. Sabharwal: None. M. Al Hasan: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.