Abstract W P266: A Simple Score for Prediction of Outcome after Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
Background and purpose: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) not always implies a good prognosis. There is a need for robust and simple classification systems of severity after CVT that help in clinical decision-making.
Methods: We studied 467 patients (81.6% women, median age: 29 years, interquartile range: 22-38 years) with CVT who were hospitalized from 1980 to 2014 in two third-level referral hospitals. Bivariate analyses were performed to select variables associated with 30-day mortality to integrate a further multivariate analysis. The resultant model was evaluated with the Hosmer-Lemeshow test for goodness of fit, and on Cox proportional hazards model for reliability of the effect size. After the scale was configured, security and validity were tested for 30-day mortality and modified Rankin scale (mRS) >2. The prognostic performance was compared with that of the CVT risk score (CVT-RS, 0-6 points) as the reference system.
Results: The 30-day case fatality rate was 8.7%. The CVT grading scale (CVT-GS, 0-9 points) was integrated by stupor/coma (4 points), parenchymal lesion >6 cm (2 points), mixed (superficial and deep systems) CVT (1 point), meningeal syndrome (1 point) and seizures (1 point). CVT-GS was categorized into mild (0-3 points, 1.1% mortality), moderate (4-6 points, 19.6% mortality) and severe (7-9 points, 61.4% mortality). For 30-day mortality prediction, as compared with CVT-RS (cut-off 4 points), CVT-GS (cut-off 5 points) was globally better in sensitivity (85% vs 37%), specificity (90% vs 95%), positive predictive value (44% vs 40%), negative predictive value (98% vs 94%), and accuracy (94% vs 80%). For 30-day mRS >2 the performance of CVT-GS over CVT-RS was comparably improved.
Conclusion: The CVT-GS is a simple and reliable score for predicting outcome that may help in clinical decision-making and that could be used to stratify patients recruited into clinical trials.
Author Disclosures: M.A. Barboza: None. E. Chiquete: None. A. Arauz: None. J. Colín: None. A. Quiroz-Compean: None. C. Cantú-Brito: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.