Abstract W P270: Quality of In-Hospital Stroke Care in Veterans Affairs Hospitals
Introduction: Increasing focus is being placed on quality metrics for stroke care in an effort to improve outcomes. This study aims to examine if quality of stroke care is the same for Veterans experiencing an in-hospital stroke compared to patients presenting through the emergency department (ED).
Methods: We analyzed data from an 11-site VA quality improvement study, where 30 months of ICD-9 defined stroke admissions were chart reviewed by a central, trained group of abstractors to assess stroke diagnosis, clinical data, and eligibility and passing for 11 stroke quality indicators (QIs; 8 Joint Commission and 3 others). Stroke severity was determined by retrospective NIHSS scoring of the admission exam. Strokes were classified as presenting to the ED or in-hospital (already admitted for another diagnosis). Transfers (N = 362) were excluded. We compared clinical and QI data between the in-hospital and ER groups using Student’s t-tests and Chi-square tests.
Results: There were 35 in-hospital and 1788 ED strokes. The two groups did not differ with respect to age, race or sex, however in-hospital strokes had higher stroke severity (mean 11.1 vs 5.1, p=0.002), increased length of stay (12.8 vs 7.3, p=0.003), and were less likely to be discharged home (34.3% vs 63.8%, p<0.001). QI results are shown in the Table; those with in-hospital stroke were more likely to be eligible for tPA, but received less dysphagia screening.
Conclusions: Veterans who develop an in-hospital stroke receive similar quality of care as patients presenting to the ED although fewer in-hospital patients had dysphagia screening. Interestingly, tPA eligibility and utilization were higher for in-hospital strokes although utilization did not reach significance. While it is reassuring that in-hospital strokes are receiving similar quality of care, there is still room for improvement in all patient care settings and in-hospital stroke patients should be included in future QI processes.
Author Disclosures: M.J. Lyerly: None. D. Sager: None. J. Coffing: None. T. Damush: None. G. Cutter: None. P.H. King: None. L. Williams: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.