Abstract W P273: The Cost-Effectiveness of Telestroke Varies by Implementation Cost and Stroke Severity: Real World Data From a Pacific Northwest Network
Objective: An obstacle for community hospitals in joining a telestroke network is often the cost of implementation. Yet, previous analyses examining the cost and cost-effectiveness have only used estimates from the literature. Using real-world data from a Pacific Northwest telestroke network, we examined the cost-effectiveness of telestroke for spokes by level of financial responsibility for these costs and how this changes with patient stroke severity.
Methods: We constructed a decision analytic model and parameterized it using patient-level clinical and financial data from the Providence Telestroke Network (PTN) pre and post telestroke implementation. Data included patients presenting at 17 spokes within 4.5 hours of symptom onset. Probability inputs included observed IV-tPA treatment rates, transfer status and hospital costs and reimbursements. Effectiveness, measured as quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and cost per patient were used to calculate incremental cost effectiveness ratios (ICERs). ICER’s of <$50,000-$120,000/QALY are considered cost-effective. Outcomes were generated overall and separately by admit NIHSS, defined as low (0-10), medium (11-20) and high (>20) and percentage of implementation costs paid by spokes (0%, 50%, 100%).
Results: Data for 594 patients, 105 pre- and 489 post-implementation, were included. See Table 1.
Conclusions: Our results support previous theoretic models showing good value, overall. However, costs and ICERs varied by stroke severity, with telestroke being most cost-effective for severe strokes. Telestroke was least cost effective if spokes paid for half or more of implementation costs.
Author Disclosures: E. Baraban: None. R. Nelson: None. A. Lesko: None. J. Majersik: None. A. Bhatt: None. N. Okon: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.