Abstract W P300: Ethnic Differences in Post-Stroke Quality of Life in the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project
Background: Mexican Americans (MAs) have worse stroke outcomes than non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), which could translate into worse quality of life (QOL). Our objective was to investigate ethnic differences in post-stroke QOL across multiple domains in a bi-ethnic community.
Methods: Ischemic stroke survivors, identified through the population-based Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi (BASIC) Project in Nueces County, Texas, participated in in-person interviews 90 days post-stroke from May 2010 - June 2012. The validated short form stroke-specific QOL (SSQOL) was used to assess overall, physical, and psychosocial QOL; scores range from 1-5 with higher scores representing greater QOL. Tobit regression was used to model unadjusted associations between ethnicity and the 3 QOL domains. Models were then adjusted for the following demographic and clinical factors obtained from the medical record and patient interview: age, sex, education, insurance status, marital status, nursing home residence before stroke, prestroke modified Rankin scale, prestroke Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly, initial NIH stroke scale, risk factors, BMI, and a comorbidity index.
Results: A total of 335 ischemic strokes with complete data were identified (66% MA, 34% NHW). QOL was lower among MAs compared to NHWs, both overall (mean difference=-0.3, p=0.02) and in the physical domain (mean difference=-0.4, p=0.008); however, there was no difference in the psychosocial domain (p=0.22). After adjustment for demographic and clinical factors, MAs continued to experience poorer QOL compared to NHWs overall (mean difference=-0.5,p=0.049) and in the physical domain (mean difference=-0.3, p=0.006).
Conclusions: Ethnic disparities in stroke outcome extend to QOL, with MAs experiencing substantially worse post-stroke QOL than NHWs. Interventions are urgently needed to improve stroke outcomes among the rapidly growing MA stroke population.
Author Disclosures: S.L. Reeves: None. D. Brown: None. J. Baek: None. L.B. Morgenstern: None. L.D. Lisabeth: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.