Abstract W P307: Novel Application of Reversible Parental Anti-platelets in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Background and Objective: The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) showed a greater likelihood of survival free 1 year disability in patients undergoing endovascular coiling who were started on antiplatelet agents after SAH compared to ones undergoing neurosurgical clipping. However, data on safety of acute parental antiplatelet agents after aneurysmal coiling is lacking. We report on the safety of IV Eptifibatide (rapidly reversible Glyprotein IIbIIIa inhibitor) on patients presenting with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage undergoing endovascular coiling for aneurysmal embolization.
Methods: All the patients from 2009-13 who presented to our university affiliated comprehensive stroke center with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and underwent endovascular coiling were included for the study. Patients that received IV Eptifibatide for various reasons including acute need for stent assist coiling after securing the ruptured aneurysm with endovascular coiling were reviewed. Eptifibatide was administered intra-arterially as a 135-μg/kg single-dose bolus, and then continued on intravenous infusion of 0.5-μg/kg/min post-procedurally. Charts were reviewed for all patients to assess for medical/procedural complications including symptomatic and asymptomatic intra- and extra-cranial hemorrhages, groin hematomas, epistaxis and gross hematuria.
Results: Of the total of 93 patients treated with coil embolization during this period, 5 patients (mean age 56 years, 20% male [n=1]) received acute intra-procedural Eptifibatide followed by IV infusion for a mean duration of 77 hours (range 20-130 hours). Various reasons for use of Eptifibatide included: stent assist coiling [n=2], multiple stents for flow diversion [n=1], partial coil prolapse [n=1] and vascular lumen flow compromise [n=1]. None of the patients demonstrated symptomatic/asymptomatic hemorrhage, groin hematoma, epistaxis or hematuria.
Conclusion: Our results may highlight safety of administering IV Eptifibatide to prevent thrombotic complications after endovascular coil embolization in select patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Multicenter prospective trials are warranted to corroborate our findings.
Author Disclosures: S. Mehta: None. M. Hussain: None. J. Brar: None. D. Korya: None. H. Chahal: None. J. Ahmad: None. E. Karim: None. M. Moussavi: None. J. Kirmani: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.