Abstract W P417: A Common Variant in a TGFβ Modifier Locus Is Associated with Intracranial Hemorrhage Presentation of Brain Arteriovenous Malformation in Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Introduction: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is caused by mutations in TGFβ/BMP9 pathway genes, most commonly ENG or ALK1. HHT patients have arteriovenous malformations (AVM) in brain, lung and liver, leading to severe complications including intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) from brain AVM. ICH presentation of brain AVM in HHT is a marker of high ICH risk. The clinical heterogeneity of HHT suggests a potential role for genetic modifier effects. Common genetic variants in loci that modify phenotype severity in Tgfb knockout mice have been reported to be associated with pulmonary AVM in HHT. We sought to replicate these associations and investigate whether these variants are also associated with brain AVM and ICH presentation of brain AVM in HHT patients.
Methods: We genotyped 3 variants (PTPN14 rs2936018, USH2A rs700024 and ADAM17 rs10495565) in 665 Caucasian HHT patients enrolled by the Brian Vascular Malformation Consortium (BVMC). Association of genotype with pulmonary AVM, brain AVM and ICH presentation was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression adjusted for age, gender and family clustering, and also stratified by HHT mutation (ALK1 or ENG).
Results: Of 665 Caucasian HHT patients analyzed, 51% had pulmonary AVM and 20% had brain AVM, of whom 17% presented with ICH. None of the 3 SNPs was significantly associated with pulmonary or brain AVM. Among 130 brain AVM patients, USH2A rs700024 was associated with ICH presentation (OR=3.34, 95% CI=1.22-9.15, p=0.019). The effect size was similar in HHT patients with ALK1 and ENG mutations, but only reached statistical significance among the latter (OR=6.77, p=0.014).
Conclusions: A common variant in USH2A, rs700024, previously reported to be associated with pulmonary AVM in HHT, was associated with ICH presentation of brain AVM, but not with brain or pulmonary AVM, in the BVMC HHT cohort. Association of the same USH2A variant with different HHT severity phenotypes in different cohorts suggests that it may act as a genetic modifier of HHT phenotype severity in concert with other genetic and environmental factors. Once validated, such genetic modifiers may improve our understanding of the phenotypic heterogeneity of HHT and aid in ICH risk prediction in HHT brain AVM.
Author Disclosures: L. Pawlikowska: None. J. Nelson: None. D.E. Guo: None. C.E. McCulloch: None. M.T. Lawton: None. H. Kim: None. M.E. Faughnan: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.