Abstract TMP32: Intra-arterial ALD401 Cell Therapy is Associated With Reduction in Stroke Volume at 90 Days in a Subset of the RECOVER-stroke Trial
Background: Stroke is a leading cause of major long-term disability worldwide. Despite availability of IV tPA and mechanical thrombectomy, over half of treated patients have significant disability. Cell based therapy is a promising in pre-clinical studies in improving stroke recovery. Brain infarct volume is a major predictor of stroke outcome and may decrease with this treatment. We hypothesized that patients treated with intra-arterial stem cell therapy will have a significant reduction in stroke volume compared to non-treated patients.
Methods: The RECOVER-Stroke trial is a randomized, sham-controlled study to determine the safety and efficacy of processed autologous bone marrow cells (ALD-401) injection via intracarotid infusion in ischemic stroke patients. Ischemic stroke patients were double-blind randomized into 2 groups, receiving ALD-401 injection or sham procedure between 9-19 days post anterior circulation ischemic stroke. All enrolled patients at 1 of 8 sites in the trial were included in this analysis. Two blinded physicians used OSIRIX software to analyze stroke volume on DWI/ 24h CT brain and MRI at 90, 180, 365 days post intervention. Volumes were compared between the 2 groups at these timepoints.
Results: A total of 11 patients at our center (out of 48 multicenter patients) were included in this study, 6 patients receiving sham procedure and 5 patients receiving ALD-401. The two groups did not show any significant difference in their baseline variables including age, Mean baseline stroke volumes were not significantly different between ALD-401 (103.9±96.2ml) and sham groups (70.2±46ml), p=0.53. The stroke volume reduction in the ALD-401 was 22.9±15.5ml vs. 4.04±12.5ml in the sham group (p=0.046). On day 180 and 365, both groups did not show any further significant stroke volume reduction from day 90.
Conclusion: In this exploratory analysis from one center in the multi-center RECOVER-Stroke trial, intra-arterial stem cell injection with ALD-401 was associated with significant reduction in stroke volume at 90 days post therapy compared to sham procedure in subacute ischemic stroke patients.
- Stem cell therapy
- Stroke volume
- Regenerative medicine stem cells
- Stroke recovery
- Magnetic resonance imaging
Author Disclosures: K. Atchaneeyasakul: None. S. Dharmadhikari: None. C. Sidani: None. K. Ramdas: None. L. Guada: None. R. Pafford: None. D. Huang: None. J. Hinson: None. S. Savitz: None. D. Yavagal: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.