Abstract TP63: Lacunarization After Endovascular Treatment: a Surrogate Marker of Good Functional Outcome
Introduction: Multiple randomized trials have demonstrated that endovascular treatment (EVT) in selected stroke patients is associated with good clinical outcome (90 days mRankin 0-2: 44-60%). However the percentage of good functional outcome could be improved if we consider patients without cortical clinical impairment with presentation of classical lacunar syndrome despite non-lacunar radiological infarct.
Methods: Consecutive patients with ischemic stroke who received endovascular reperfusion were retrospectively analyzed between May 2010 and April 2015. On admission NCCT (non-contrast CT) and CTASI (CT Angiography Source Image) were performed in stroke patients according to our hospital guidelines. We independently applied the ASPECT score in all baselines NCCT, CTASI and follow-up NCCT 24H, and magnetic resonance (MR) during hospitalization. Five pure clinical lacunar syndromes (CLS) were recorded within 24h exam after EVT in our stroke unit and 90 days follow-up
Results: We review 428 thrombectomies of patients with acute ischemic stroke. Ninety-five percent of occlusions were located in middle cerebral artery or terminal internal carotid, (49% women, mean age 65+/-13 years; NIHSS at admission: 17; baseline mRS 0-1:96%). Successful recanalization (TICI 2b-3) was achieved in 81%. At 3 months good functional outcome (mRS 0-2) was seen in 51% and death occurred in 13%.
CLS were indentified in 42% patients within 24h after EVT. This clinical syndromes were associated to ASPECT score in 24 NCCT and CTASI in patients with recanalization 2b-3 (p:0.003), but only 4% had a defined radiological lacunar stroke on MR.
CLS turned out to be one of independence predictors of good outcomes (Rankin 0-2 at 90d) after adjustment for ages, sex and baseline NIHSS scores (OR 1.85; CI:1.4-3.1; p:0.001). Also CLS were still present in 34% of patients with Rankin>2 at 90d (Rankin 3:26%; Rankin 4:7%)
Conclusions: These results suggest that a neurological exam 24h after EVT with identification of pure lacunar syndrome can predict favorable functional outcome at 90days. This group of patients presents radiological findings with an unusual location and size with regard to CLS.
We suggest to consider patients with CLS as good outcome after EVT regardless 90d mRankin>2.
Author Disclosures: P. Cardona: None. H. Quesada: None. B. Lara: None. N. Cayuela: None. X. Ustrell: None. M. Garces: None. P. Mora: None. R. Barranco: None. M. De Miquel: None. A. Escrig: None. F. Rubio: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.