Abstract TP7: Intraarterial Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke due to Dissection: Retrospective Series of 24 Cases
Introduction: Cervical artery dissection is a recognized cause of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Intra-arterial treatment (IAT) may be a complementary option to IV tPA and antithrombotic therapy.
Hypothesis/Purpose: To describe a large series of patients with dissection treated with IAT.
Methods: Demographics, clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes were summarized for all dissection patients treated with IAT from 1/2010 - 5/2015. Outcomes included functional independence (modified Rankin score ≤ 2 at 90 days or discharge, or discharge home), recanalization, procedural complications, sICH, and mortality. Data are presented as median (interquartile range) or (n).
Results: Of 161 patients with dissection, 24 (15%) were managed with IAT and comprise our population, which was primarily male (75%) aged 52 (42-59.5) and NIHSS of 13 (12 -16). Internal carotid artery dissections (ICAD, 18) were more common than vertebral artery dissections (VAD, 6); three patients had bilateral dissections (1 ICAD, 2 VAD). In all but two patients there was associated intracranial embolus. Dissections were idiopathic (17), traumatic (5) or cough-related (2). Eleven patients were treated with IV tPA. IAT techniques included thrombectomy (19), IA thrombolysis (17), stent (13), and angioplasty (7). The majority of patients had multiple techniques: 2 (2 -3). Functional independence was achieved in 63% (12/19). There were four deaths, none were attributable to IAT. There was one sICH and three procedural complications (2 groin pseudoaneurysm, one catheter induced acute dissection). Among the 6 VADs, 2 were left untreated and the remaining 4 were successfully recanalized (100%). All 6 VADs had a basilar artery occlusion; recanalization was successful in 2 and partial in 4 cases. Among the 18 ICADs, 6 were left untreated and the remaining 12 were successfully recanalized (100%). Sixteen of 18 ICADs had middle cerebral artery occlusion; recanalization was successful in 4, partial in 10, and unsuccessful in 2 cases.
Conclusions: Despite the additional intravascular risk, outcomes appear to be similar to those presented in large RCTs with stroke from all causes, suggesting utility of IAT when performed in patients with dissection.
Author Disclosures: J. Jensen: None. K. Salottolo: None. K. McCarthy: None. D. Frei: Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Microvention, Covidien, Stryker. Consultant/Advisory Board; Significant; Penumbra. D. Loy: None. J. Wagner: None. M. Whaley: None. D. Bar-Or: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.