Abstract TP81: Faster Start of IV tPA Does not Decrease the Need for Endovascular Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background: Recent patient series have shown IV tPA to more often lyse cerebral thrombi when started sooner after symptom onset in patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (AIS-LVO). This association has been attributed to less fibrin-cross-linking and less compaction of thrombi. We sought to determine if this phenomenon would make endovascular thrombectomy less often needed among AIS-LVO patients treated hyperacutely with IV tPA.
Methods: In a prospectively maintained registry, we identified patients receiving IV tPA at 2 academic medical centers from March 2005 - May 2015. Inclusion criteria were: 1) LVO seen on CTA or MRA before (or early during) infusion of IV tPA and 2) follow-up vessel imaging within 6h of IV tPA initiation, using CT, MR or catheter angiogram. Degree of thrombus lysis with IV tPA alone was rated using the arterial occlusive lesion (AOL) Scale.
Results: Among the 166 patients, average age was 72.4 (±13.4), 52.4% were female and pretreatment NIHSS was 13.9 (±8.4). Onset to needle time (OTN) was median 105 min (IQR 79-129) and door to needle time 44 min (27-65). Initial vessel imaging modality was MRA in 68.7% and CTA in 31.3%. Early post-tPA vessel imaging modality was catheter angiogram in 63.8%, MRA in 33.7% and CTA in 2.4%. Time from tPA initiation to recanalization assessment was faster when post-tPA vessel imaging was catheter angiogram vs MRA/CTA, 72 min (45.5-116.5) vs 232 min (185-283), p<0.001. In cases assessed with early post-treatment catheter angiogram, IV tPA yielded complete recanalization in 17%, partial in 6.6%, and none in 76.4%. In cases assessed with MRA/CTA, IV tPA yielded complete recanalization in 30%, partial in 35%, and none in 35%. Recanalization within the 6h window was visualized more often when imaged with later CTA/MRA than with earlier catheter angiogram (p<0.001). Among patients going directly to catheter angiography, OTN for IV tPA was not different between recanalizers and non-recanalizers, 106 vs 98 min, p = 0.53.
Discussion: Among large vessel acute ischemic stroke patients, the rate of complete recanalization with IV tPA alone is only 1 in 6, and faster OTN time is not associated with increased recanalization. All AIS-LVO patients should proceed to thrombectomy as swiftly as possible.
Author Disclosures: A. Chhabra: None. K. Shkirkova: None. R. Alfonso: None. M. Buitrago Blanco: None. P. Vespa: None. S. Starkman: None. B. Yoo: None. R. Jahan: None. V. Szeder: None. D. Kim: None. L. Ali: None. N. Rao: None. J. Hinman: None. D. Liebeskind: None. J. Saver: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.