Abstract WP195: Patients Beginning Community Based Outpatient Stroke Rehabilitation Program More Than 6 Months Post Stroke Achieve Equally Excellent Outcomes as Sub-Acute Patients
Background: Despite the availability of community based outpatient rehabilitation programs in the U.S., few use standardized measure sets and assessments, and outcomes studies are sparse. There is especially a knowledge gap regarding outcomes of participating chronic stroke patients (rehabilitation begins more than 6 months post stroke).
Methods: Prospective observational study of stroke patients treated between 12/2011-1/2015 in an interdisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation program that addresses health literacy, risk factors, physical, psychosocial, cognitive, communicative and vocational issues. Patients were classified as chronic if admitted to the program >6 months and sub-acute if admitted <6 months post stroke.
Results: Among 96 consecutive patients, 71 were sub-acute (72% ischemic, 28% hemorrhages) and 25 chronic (68% ischemic, 32% hemorrhages) who were admitted to the program an average 18.5 months post stroke (range 6-121 months). Chronic vs subacute stroke patients were 64% vs 59% male, with no difference in age (mean 66, range 27-90 years vs 65, range 18-90 years), but with greater stroke severity (chronic mean NIHSS score 8.32, range 2-15 vs subacute NIHSS of 5.2, range 0-16). On admission, chronic vs subacute patients were 44% vs 34% aphasic and 96% vs 86% needed assistance with activities of daily living (chronic with modified Rankin Scale [mRS] of 3=28% and 4=68% vs subacute mRS of 3=65% and 4=21%). The percent change in outcomes from baseline to program discharge for subacute and chronic stroke patients is presented in the Table.
Conclusions: Although age, sex and stroke types were similar in both groups, chronic patients were more severely impaired than subacute patients but achieved greater improvement in activities of daily living, recovery, walking speed, balance, and risk factor knowledge. These findings demonstrate that outpatient rehabilitation programs can aid in stroke recovery independent of time since stroke onset.
Author Disclosures: J. Breen: None. J. Andrusin: Other; Modest; No Disclosures. T. Ferlito: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.