Abstract WP420: Testing the Intensity of Multiple, Complex Interventions for Life-style Modification in Randomized Stroke Trials
Introduction: Multiple, complex interventions are increasingly tested in randomized, clinical trials without enabling a clear view of the strength of the intervention, especially its probability to influence outcome. Such interventions have to be strong enough to create group differences, be acceptable by patients, be realistically designed and deliverable within the health system, and ethical. If found to have a positive effect, it should have a sustainable effect after the trial is drawn to a close. It is necessary to adapt the intensity of the intervention to contrast with guideline-based treated controls and to ensure sufficient means to carry through to the end of the trial.
Method: Using a multiple domain life-style based intervention in a randomized trial to prevent cognitive decline following stroke (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01109836), our focus was on nutrition and physical exercise in addition to risk factor management. We performed single component analysis as well as the use of a life-style summary score and a laboratory supported life-style summary score.
Results: 80 participants in the intervention group and 87 in the control group completed the 12 months visit. We found a significant improvement in adherence to healthy lifestyle factors and adequately controlled physiological parameters as well as significant differences for both summary scores, all p <0.001. The summary scores includes the use of reduced milk and fat spreads, consuming fish ≥1/week, drinking alcohol 1-6 times/week, physical activity ≥90 minutes/week, body mass index <30 kg/m2 and currently non-smoking. Laboratory values included blood pressure <140 / <90 mmHg, non-HDL-cholesterol ≥2.6 mmol/L and fasting blood glucose <7.0. mmol/L
Conclusion: Complex interventions used for secondary prevention stroke trials have to be intense enough to become effective when comparing to treatment according to current guidelines.
Author Disclosures: M. Brainin: None. Y. Teuschl: None. K. Matz: None. A. Dachenhausen: None. B. Firlinger: None. M. Reiter: None. J. Tuomilehto: None.
- © 2016 by American Heart Association, Inc.