Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Measured by the Gamma Camera After Direct Injection of 133Xe into the Distal Stump of the Occluded Middle Cerebral Artery
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured after intracarotid injection of 133Xe concurrently with measurements of local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) after injection of 133Xe directly into the distal stump of the occluded middle cerebral artery (MCA) by the use of the gamma camera after producing experimental ischemia in baboons by occluding the MCA. Regional MCA stump pressure (rMCAP) was also measured. Regions of ischemia assessed by intracarotid injection of 133Xe correlated well with the territory of infarct defined by injection of 133Xe into the distal MCA stump. Flow values in ischemic regions obtained by direct injection of 133Xe into the MCA were 15% to 20% lower than those obtained by intracarotid injection of 133Xe. Possible explanations for these differences are discussed. During induced hypertension autoregulation in ischemic areas was abolished and paradoxical responses of LCBF and rMCAP to changes in arterial carbon dioxide tension (Pacoco2) were confirmed.
- © 1975 American Heart Association, Inc.