Cardiac Arrhythmias and Sudden Death in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias can occur in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to rupture of intracranial aneurysms. The arrhythmias are secondary to acute dysfunction of the central nervous system and possibly to sudden increase in intracranial pressure. The autonomic nervous system is the mediator in the production of these disorders. The clinical significance of these rhythm disorders is discussed, particularly in regard to the sudden, unexpected death seen in this type of patient. The possible mechanisms of production are analyzed and their therapeutic implications are stressed.
- © 1975 American Heart Association, Inc.