Chronically Impaired Autoregulation of Cerebral Blood Flow in Long-Term Diabetics
Using the arteriovenous oxygen difference method autoregulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) was tested in 16 long-term diabetics and eight control patients. Blood pressure was raise by angiotensin infusion and lowered by trimethaphan camsylate infusion, in some cases combined with head-up tilting of the patient. Regression analysis was carried out on the results in order to quantify autoregulatory capacity.
In the control patients CBF did not vary with moderate blood pressure variations, indicating normal autoregulation. In four of the 16 diabetic patients CBF showed significant pressure dependency, indicating impaired autoregulation. The cause of impaired autoregulation in some long-term diabetics is believed to be diffuse or multifocal dysfunction of cerebral arterioles due to diabetic vascular disease. Other conditions with impaired autoregulation are discussed and compared with that seen in long-term diabetes.
- © 1975 American Heart Association, Inc.