Energy Metabolism During Brain Ischemia
Stability During Reversible And Irreversible Damage
The permissible duration of brain ischemia without sustaining damage is short. Less clear are the mechanisms accounting for the vulnerability of brain to ischemic insults. Neurochemical factors implicated include impairment of energy synthesis by mitochondria and of energy-dependent processes such as synaptic transmission, ATPase activity, membrane conductance and altered protein and lipid synthesis. To clarify the vulnerability of energy metabolism, we investigated energy availability and synthesis in our model of global cerebral ischemia. Our studies evaluated in vitro mitochondrial ATP synthesis and the in vivo quantitation of the cortical adenylate pool. Results of our investigations support a growing body of evidence showing the energy state to be relatively stable to ischemia. We conclude that an energy-dependent process of brain is primarily vulnerable to ischemia.
- © 1975 American Heart Association, Inc.