Arteriolar responses were measured on the cerebral surface of the mouse using an image splitter and TV monitor. The response to locally applied norepinephrine (NOR) was significantly more frequent for vessels greater than 30 mu I.D. than for smaller vessels. However, even the smaller vessels were frequently constricted by NOR in doses of 5 mug per milliliter. Reserpine (5 mg per kilogram) failed to alter the response to NOR at either 24 or 72 hours after reserpinization. At 48 hours the threshold dose of NOR was reduced, but the effect was slight (two-tailed, P = 0.08). Both propranolol (10(-6) M3 and phentolamine (10(-5M) blocked responses to 5 mug per milliliter of NOR, but neither agent altered resting arteriolar diameter. Isoproterenol, tyramine, and histamine had no effect. Serotonin (5HT) constricted the arterioles but did not potentiate the response to NOR. Additive or potentiated effects were not observed with NOR 5HT or histamine in any combination. These data indicate the presence of alpha-adrenergic receptors in murine cerebral surface arterioles, but do not establish a significant tonic effect of norepinephrine. The existence or role of a beta-receptor in these murine cerebral surface arterioles remains an unsettled question.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association