Effect of cerebrospinal fluid removal on cerebral blood flow and metabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease versus recent stroke.
Cerebral hemispheric blood flow (HBF) and metabolism were measured before and after withdrawal of 20 to 30 ml of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) over a 10-minute interval in eight patients with recent cerebral infarction and in four patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Immediately after CSF removal HBF decreased significantly in the AD group (-14%) but showed no significant change in the stroke group (-5%). There was rapid reduction in cerebral venous O2 content and some increase in cerebral venous PCO2 appearing within 60 seconds of CSF withdrawal, interpreted as a rapid reduction of cerebral blood flow (CBF) as judged by cerebral A-VO2 differences. The reduction in CBF was confirmed by the hydrogen clearance method. Reduction of CBF in response to lowering CSF pressure is presumably of neurogenic origin since it was rapid and occurred without changes in PaCO2 or MABP. Furthermore, measurement of HBF demonstrated that cerebral metabolism constant after CSF removal. It is postulated that in AD, reduction of HBF following CSF withdrawal is mediated by a disordered neurogenic veno-arterial vasoconstriction reflex which is stimulated by rapid reduction in CSF pressure (CSFP). In patients with stroke, when cerebral perfusion pressure is increased by lowering CSFP, CBF is maintained constant most likely by a physiological cerebral veno-arterial vasoconstrictive reflex. Apparently, this vasocontrictive reflex becomes excessive in Alzheimer's disease, possibly due to cerebral neurogenic imbalance.
- Copyright © 1977 by American Heart Association