Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in the rat.
Cerebral blood flow autoregulation (CBFA) to changes in perfusion pressure has not been previously reported in the rat. A modification of the Kety and Schmidt technique employing 133Xenon was used to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) in paralyzed adult Sprague Dawley rats passively ventilated with 70% nitrous oxide and 30% oxygen. At a mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) of 121 +/- 19 mm Hg, and a mean arterial PCO2 of 36.2 +/- 2.9 mm Hg, mean CBF was 103 +/- 22 ml/min/100 gm of brain. CBF responses to hypercarbia were 4.9 ml/min/100 gm per mm Hg change in arterial PCO2. CBF was measured during steady state levels of hypo- and hypertension induced by phlebotomy, or by intravenous metaraminol, over the MABP range of 48-205 mm Hg. From a MABP of 80 to 160 mm Hg. CBF remained nearly constant, indicating the presence of CBFA. However, when MABP exceeded 160 mm Hg, CBF became pressure dependent, indicating a "breakthrough" of autoregulation in acute severe hypertension.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association