Vasoconstrictor effect of angiotensin on pial arteries.
The effect of topical application of angiotensin on pial arterioles was examined in anesthetized cats equipped with a cranial window for the direct observation of the pial microcirculation of the parietal cortex. Angiotensin in a dose of 0.01 to 1 microgram/ml constricted pial arterioles and arteries strongly. The response of the smaller vessels was greater than that of the larger ones. Intravenous administration of angiotensin in a dose of 0.04--3.8 microgram/min raised arterial blood pressure and constricted the larger pial arteries. While the infusion of angiotensin was continued at the same dose, the blood pressure was then reduced to the control level via bleeding into a reservoir. This abolished the vasoconstriction of the larger pial arteries, showing that this effect was due to autoregulatory adjustments to the rise in blood pressure and not due to a direct effect of angiotensin. We conclude that, despite the strong constrictor effect of angiotensin on pial arteries, intravenous angiotensin can be used to study the effects of arterial hypertension on the cerebral circulation.
- Copyright © 1978 by American Heart Association