Stroke: A Journal of Cerebral Circulation publishes reports of clinical and basic investigation of any aspect of the cerebral circulation and its diseases from many disciplines, including anesthesiology, critical care medicine, epidemiology, internal medicine, neurology, neuro-ophthalmology, neuropathology, neuropsychology, neurosurgery, nuclear medicine, nursing, radiology, rehabilitation, speech pathology, vascular physiology, and vascular surgery.
Updated August 18, 2016
- April 2015: New authors may no longer be added after acceptance.
- Open Access: Stroke offers an open access option for full-length, Original Contributions. The corresponding author may select an open access option during the first submission of the manuscript. Please review the options here: http://www.ahajournals.org/site/openaccess. All authors will be required to complete the same agreement if the manuscript is accepted. All agreements are completed at the revision stage. It is not possible to change publishing agreements after an article is published.
- Updated January 2016: Any submitted meta-analysis or systematic review should follow the PRISMA or MOOSE guidelines. Please state in the methods section which guideline the authors followed. If you use the PRISMA guidelines, 1) please include a copy of the PRISMA checklist as a related manuscript file (not for publication); and 2) include a flow diagram in your manuscript or supplemental data. The authors should use journal formatting for abstracts. Details on PRISMA can be found PRISMA Statement. Details on MOOSE can be found on the Equator Network site.
- January 2016: The word limit for Original Articles has been increased to 5000 words; the word limit for Brief Reports has been increased to 2000 words. If authors have additional material that does not fit into this expanded word limit, the use of data supplements remains an option. Authors of manuscripts that do not fit within the word limit will be asked or even required to reduce the word count of the manuscript prior to review even if authors are willing to pay the excess word fee.
- As of January 2015, Stroke does not publish case reports in any format.
Tips for Submissions
- The total word count of any article consists of the title page, abstract (if applicable), main body of text, acknowledgments, sources of funding, disclosures, references, figure legends, tables and appendices intended for print publication. Word count is calculated by the editorial office using the Microsoft Word tool. If the manuscript exceeds the total word count, authors will be asked or even required to shorten the manuscript and/or use a data supplement.
- The combined total number of figures and tables is limited to 6 (3 for Brief Reports).
- Each figure may contain up to 4 panels (i.e., Parts A to D).
- Number every page of the manuscript, beginning with the abstract page, including tables, figure legends, and figures.
- References with more than 6 authors should list the first 6 authors followed by et al and do not list the month/issue/day (the number in parentheses) in the reference.
- The corresponding author should collect Conflict of Interest information from all co-authors before submitting a manuscript. The initial submission must include a disclosure statement that lists all the conflicts. If there are no conflicts, please state “Disclosures: None.”
- All authors listed on the title page of the manuscript must also be listed in the online submission system.
- The use of the online data supplement is strongly encouraged not only for additional tables and figures but for complex methodology, large tables, and complex figures. They must be clearly labeled as data supplement on the title page and in references throughout the paper and the file should be uploaded as a separate supplemental PDF.
- Updated Janaury 2016: Any submitted meta-analysis or systematic review should follow the PRISMA or MOOSE guidelines. Please state in the methods section which guideline the authors followed. If you use the PRISMA guidelines, 1) please include a copy of the PRISMA checklist as a related manuscript file (not for publication); and 2) include a flow diagram in your manuscript or supplemental data. The authors should use journal formatting for abstracts. Details on PRISMA can be found here. Details on MOOSE can be found here.
- Consult the AMA Manual of Style 10th Edition, for style.
Original Contributions. Original research contributions are for manuscripts that encompass the broad range of innovative and impactful clinical and basic research in the field of cerebrovascular disorders. These manuscripts should present comprehensive reseach with a robust methodology and results sections. The maximum length for original manuscripts is 5,000 words. Please note the publication fees in the Costs to Authors section. The total number of figures and/or tables is limited to 6. Each figure may contain up to 4 panels (i.e., parts A to D) and must conform to the requirements for figures described in that section of the instructions to authors.
Brief Reports. Brief reports are for manuscripts with less complete data sets than would be appropriate for original contributions that present novel and impactful clinical and basic research of a more preliminary nature. Maximum length is 2,000 words, including up to 15 references. The total number of figures and/or tables is limited to 3.
Progress or Topical Reviews. This category presents a review of advances related to important research and clinical topics relevant to some aspect of cerebrovascular disease. They will generally be invited by the editors but unsolicited reviews will also be accepted for editorial review. Invited reviews will also undergo peer review but except in rare circumstances will not be subject to rapid triage and early rejection. Manuscripts should not exceed 5,000 words with 6 figures/tables. Please do NOT include an abstract in review papers. An introduction or background section will suffice.
Comments and Opinions. In this category, authors summarize the present state of knowledge in some aspect of cerebrovascular disease without the objectivity required in a Progress Review. Maximum length is 5,000 words with a total of 6 figures/tables. Please do NOT include an abstract in review papers. An introduction or background section will suffice.
Special Reports. These articles may summarize an event or a topic of interest to the readers of Stroke. Authors must query the editors before writing Special Reports to determine possible interest in such articles. Maximum length is 5,000 words with a total of 6 tables/figures.
Clinical and Research Innovations (Online-Only Publication). Discontinued as of January 2016.
Illustrative Teaching Cases (Online-Only Publication). This series is directed primarily at Neurology residents and fellows. An actual case is presented, discussed, and the teaching points are noted. Each article presents bulleted Take Home Points. The purpose of this series is not to focus on esoteric or unusual cases, but rather to review and stress points that residents are likely to encounter during their training and beyond. The focus of each case will be varied. In some cases, the key feature will be a review of neuroanatomy. Another may review types of testing for a specific condition or review the differential diagnosis for a particular symptom. The articles are short and easy to read and should be quick way to review clinical "pearls" in vascular neurology. You may wish to read several of our published Teaching Cases for a better understanding of the series.
Maximum length for this article is 2,000 words. The word limit includes title page, main body of text, bulleted take home points, acknowledgments, sources of funding, disclosures, references, figure legends, and tables. The manuscript does not have an abstract, and contains as few references as possible and no more than 10 references total.
Letters to the Editor (Online-Only Publication). This forum expresses views about articles published in Stroke or presents ideas or findings of scientific interest that do not constitute original research. Letters must reference a Stroke article published in print within the past 4 weeks. The maximum length is 750 words including no more than 5 references and 3 authors. Tables, figures, and data supplements are prohibited. Please use the journal formatting for titles of Letters to the Editor. Example: Letter by Author et al. Regarding Article, "Article Title." Letters may be shortened or edited by the Editorial Office. The editor invites responses to letters as appropriate. Response Letter titles use this format: Response by Author et al. to Letter Regarding Article, "Article Title."
Letters to the Editor on AHA/ASA Scientific Statements and Guidelines will be reviewed by the journal. The Editor may accept or decline the Letter. In either case, the journal will forward the Letter to the AHA/ASA. If the Letter to the Editor is accepted for publication in Stroke, the journal may also publish a Response (if any) from the AHA/ASA. The AHA/ASA may post the Letter and Response (if any) on its Correspondence site. Because Letters sent to the AHA/ASA are brought to the attention of the Writing Committee chair/co-chairs the AHA/ASA Manuscript Oversight Committee, please be patient in awaiting a final reply.
Costs to Authors
Authors are charged:
- $70 per published page of an article to defray costs of publication (information is sent with author's proof).
- $35 per published page of an online-only article.
- Open Access Fees: Open Access licensing is available only for full-length, Original Articles. http://www.ahajournals.org/site/openaccess.
- Updated Janauary 2016: Authors of papers exceeding 5,000 words (2,000 words for Brief Reports, 750 words for Letters/Responses to the Editor, etc.) will be charged a minimum fee of $425 per additional 1,000 words. The standard $70 (or $35) page charge will also apply. Authors will be asked or even required to shorten manuscripts that are over the word limit even if authors agree to pay the over word fee. Word count will be calculated by the editorial office, using the Microsoft Word tool. Title page, abstract, main body of text, acknowledgments, sources of funding, disclosures, references, figure legends, tables, and appendices intended for print publication are included in the total word count.
- Color charges per color page equals $653.00. This is in addition to the page charges. Estimate of cost will be provided for author's approval by the publisher.
- Expense for replacing poor-quality art.
- Expense for reprints (price lists are sent with author's proof).
- $50 per published page for excessive author alterations.
- $100 per published page for printing a correction (erratum after online or print publication of the article) that results from an author's error.
There are no page charges to authors from the following countries, however, authors must select the Copyright Transfer Agreement and remian within the word limit: Armenia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Arab Rep. Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao PDR, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Fed. Sts. Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Bank and Gaza, Yemen, Rep., Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Please contact the Editorial Office if you have any questions about potential fees.
Wolters Kluwer Author Services
If you need help preparing a manuscript for submission, our publisher, Wolters Kluwer, in partnership with Editage, offers a unique range of editorial services for a fee, including:
- Premium Editing: Intensive language and structural editing of academic papers to improve the clarity and impact of your manuscript.
- Advanced Editing: A complete language, grammar, and terminology check to give you a publication-ready manuscript.
- Translation with Editing: Write your paper in your native language and Wolters Kluwer Author Services will translate it into English, as well as edit it to ensure that it meets international publication standards.
- Plagiarism Check: Helps ensure that your manuscript contains no instances of unintentional plagiarism.
- Artwork Preparation: Save precious time and effort by ensuring that your artwork is viewed favorably by the journal without you having to incur the additional cost of purchasing special graphics software.
For more information regarding Wolters Kluwer Author Services and to receive a quote for your manuscript, please visit http://wkauthorservices.editage.com. Please note that use of Wolters Kluwer Author Services does not in any way imply a guarantee, or even a likelihood, of acceptance of your manuscript in Stroke.
Instructions for New Submissions
To submit your manuscript online, please visit the journal's online manuscript submission site (http://stroke-submit.aha-journals.org), and follow the instructions for creating an author account and submitting a manuscript. Access can also be gained by visiting Stroke online at http://stroke.ahajournals.org and selecting the Online Submissions button. If you have any questions about the online submission process, contact the Editorial Office by e-mail at email@example.com.
Initial Review Process
Submitted manuscripts will be evaluated initially by an associate editor or guest editor. During initial review, the associate editor will determine whether or not the manuscript is appropriate for a full review based on the quality, originality, scientific rigor and data presentation/analysis of the manuscript. In some instances, the associate editor may reach out to a second reviewer (assistant editor, section editor, member of the editorial board, or invited reviewer with topic-related expertise) for this quick assessment. It is anticipated that approximately 50% of the submitted manuscripts will undergo formal review and 50% will be rejected without evaluation by external reviewers. This policy reflects the stringent requirements for the acceptance of manuscripts submitted to Stroke.
The editors invite submission of manuscripts that have major importance to the scientific community. To be considered for expedited publication, an article must be unique and contain information that could make a significant difference in medical practice or constitute an important advance in basic knowledge. The authors must clearly state reasons for the request in the cover letter. If the editors agree that an article should be an expedited publication, they will arrange an accelerated review and, if accepted, accelerated publication.
To avoid actual or perceived conflict of interest, the journal uses guest editors to handle certain manuscripts. For more details, see the Conflict-of-Interest Policy below.
- Only Microsoft Word files will be accepted for review.
- Manuscripts must be double-spaced, including references, figure legends, and tables.
- We recommend using Times New Roman 12-point font.
- Leave 1-inch margins on all sides. Number every page, beginning with the abstract page, including tables, figure legends, and figures.
- Manuscripts should be presented in the following sequence:
- Title page
- Text, including Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Summary/Conclusions
- Sources of Funding
- Figure Legends
- Online Supplements
- Cite each reference in the text in numerical order and list in the References section. In text, reference numbers may be repeated but not omitted. Do not duplicate references either in text or in the reference list.
- Cite each figure and table in the text in numerical order.
- Upload one copy of any in-press article that is cited in the references, if applicable.
- Upload one copy of any abstracts published or submitted for publication, if applicable.
- Use SI units of measure in all manuscripts. For example, molar (M) should be changed to mol/L; mg/dL to mmol/L; and cm to mm. Units of measure previously reported as percentages (e.g., hematocrit) are expressed as a decimal fraction. Measurements currently not converted to SI units in biomedical applications are blood and oxygen pressures, enzyme activity, H+ concentration, temperature, and volume. The SI unit should be used in text, followed by the conventionally used measurement in parentheses. Conversions should be made by the author before the manuscript is submitted for peer review.
- Provide $US dollar equivalents if you include other currency amounts in the manuscript.
- Please provide sex-specific and/or racial/ethnic-specific data, when appropriate, in describing outcomes of epidemiologic analyses or clinical trials; or specifically state that no sex-based or racial/ethnic-based differences were present. See the "Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals" for more details.
- Please review the correct usage of the terms "sex" and "gender." "'Gender' refers to a person's self-representation...or how that person is responded to by social institutions on the basis of the person's gender presentation. 'Gender' is rooted in biology and shaped by environment and experience;" "sex" describes a class of "living things as male or female according to their reproductive organs and functions assigned by chromosomal compliment" (AMA 10th ed. 2007: p 395). Please use the terms appropriately.
- Authorship Responsibility and Copyright Transfer Agreement Forms (and Licensing Agreements for Original Contributions) are ONLINE ONLY. Forms will be required PRIOR to resubmission, or if the manuscript has only one version (e.g., a letter to the editor) after acceptance. Each author will be sent an email containing a link to the form at the appropriate time.
- Consult the AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors, 10th ed, Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2007, for style.
- Consult current issues for additional guidance on format.
Please upload a cover letter that includes the following statement: “All authors have read and approved the submitted manuscript, the manuscript has not been submitted elsewhere nor published elsewhere in whole or in part, except as an abstract (if relevant).” The cover letter may include the names of up to 3 potential reviewers whom the authors would like to suggest, especially members of the editorial board. The authors may also include the names of up to 3 reviewers whom they would like to not evaluate their submission. The editor ultimately decides who reviews the manuscript. Lastly, please note any potential overlapping content submitted or accepted to another journal or conference.
The first page of the manuscript should be the title page. This page must include:
- Full title of the article, limited to 120 characters.
- Authors' names, highest academic degree earned by each, authors' affiliations, name and complete address for correspondence, and address for reprints if different from address for correspondence. Please also include any study group or collaboration in the author list, i.e., " . . .Last Author, on behalf of the Stroke Study Group."
- Fax number, telephone number, and e-mail address for the corresponding author.
- Cover title (total characters must not exceed 50, including spaces) to be typeset on the top of the journal page.
- Itemized list of the tables and figures
- 3 to 7 key words for use as indexing terms. Consider using terms found in the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) database.
- Subject Terms for use as search terms across Highwire Press online journals Article Collections database. Please select from the Journal Subject Terms List.
- Clarified August 19, 2016. Specify the number of words in the whole document on your title page, e.g., Word Count: 4896. Word count should include all parts of the manuscript (i.e., title page, abstract, main body of text, acknowledgments, sources of funding, disclosures, references, figure legends, tables, and appendices intended for print publication). Over-length manuscripts will NOT be accepted for publication. See the Costs to Authors above.
- Do not cite references in the abstract.
- Limit use of acronyms and abbreviations.
- Be concise (250 words, maximum).
- Updated December 2015: For authors following the PRISMA guideline, please use the journal abstract headings detailed below.
- The abstract should have the following headings:
- Background and Purpose (description of rationale for study)
- Methods (brief description of methods)
- Results (presentation of significant results)
- Conclusions (succinct statement of data interpretation)
- When applicable, include a fifth heading: "Clinical Trial Registration." Please list the URL, as well as the Unique Identifier, for the publicly accessible website on which the trial is registered. If the trial is not registered, please indicate the reason in the heading.
Example 1: Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00123456.
Example 2: Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.controlled-trials.com. Unique identifier: ISRCTN70000879.
Example 3: Clinical Trial Registration-URL: http://www.chictr.org. Unique identifier: ChiCTR-RCH-14004884.
Example 4: Clinical Trial Registration-This trial was not registered because enrollment began prior to July 1, 2005.
- The following are typical main headings: Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Summary.
- Abbreviations must be defined at first mention in the text, tables, and figures.
- Introduction: This section should briefly introduce the context of the results to be presented and should duplicate what is contained elsewhere in the manuscript
For any apparatuses used in Methods, the complete names of manufacturers must be supplied.
For human subjects or patients, describe their characteristics.
For animals used in experiments, state the species, strain, number used, and other pertinent descriptive characteristics.
When describing surgical procedures on animals, identify the preanesthetic and anesthetic agents used, and state the amount or concentration and the route and frequency of administration for each. The use of paralytic agents, such as curare or succinylcholine, is not an acceptable substitute for anesthetics.
For other invasive procedures on animals, report the analgesic or tranquilizing drugs used. If none were used, provide justification for such exclusion.
Manuscripts that describe studies on humans must indicate that the study was approved by an institutional review committee and that the subjects gave informed consent.
Manuscripts involving animals must indicate that the study was approved by an institutional animal care and use committee.
Reports of studies on both animals and humans must indicate that the procedures followed were in accordance with institutional guidelines.
All drugs should be referred to by their generic names rather than trade names. The generic chemical identification of all investigational drugs must be provided.
A statistical subsection must be provided at the end of the Methods section describing the statistical methodology employed for the data presented in the manuscript.
The Methods section should provide essential information related to the conduct of the study presented in the manuscript. For methodology previously published by the authors, the prior publication should be referenced and a copy of the paper provided to the reviewers, if necessary.
The Methods section should only contain material that is absolutely necessary for comprehension of the results section. Additional (more detailed) methods can be provided as a data supplement.
Prevention of bias is important for experimental stroke research (see Macleod et al, Stroke. 2009;40:e50–e52). For studies where the primary objective is the preclinical testing of therapies, the following checklist items must be adhered to and clearly documented in the manuscript:
Animals: Species, strains and sources must be defined. For genetically modified animals, wildtype controls including background and back-crossing must be defined.
Statistics and sample size: Specific statistical methods must be defined, including parametric versus nonparametric and multigroup analyses, and sample size powering based on expected variances and differences between groups.
Inclusions and exclusions: Specific criteria for inclusions and exclusions must be specified. For example, only animals where blood flow reductions fall below a certain threshold are included. Or only animals with a certain degree of neurological deficits are included. Once animals are randomized (see below), all excluded animals must be reported, including explicit presentation of mortality rates.
Randomization, allocation concealment and blinding: All animals must be randomized. Investigators responsible for surgical procedures or drug treatments must be blinded. End point assessments must be performed by investigators blinded to the groups for which each animal is assigned.
Any submitted meta-analyses should follow the PRISMA or MOOSE guidelines. The authors must clearly state in the Methods section which guideline was followed. Details on PRISMA can be found here. Details on MOOSE can be found here.
- Results: This section should succinctly report the results of experimental studies and clinical research or clinical series/observations.
- Discussion: This section should not reiterate the results but put the results in appropriate context regarding relevant literature and the importance of new observations contained in the manuscript.
- Summary/Conclusions: A brief paragraph summarizing the results and their importance may be included but is not required.
Sources of Funding
Authors must list all sources of research support relevant to the manuscript in this location. All grant funding agency abbreviations should be completely spelled out, with the exception of the NIH. Note that funding should be listed separately from disclosures.
Authors must state disclosures in the manuscript text prior to first review and provide disclosures online when submitting a revision or upon request after acceptance. Disclosures stated in the text must match the online disclosures. If you have no disclosures, please state "Disclosures: None" in the manuscript text before the references. Conflicts of interest pertain to relationships with pharmaceutical companies, biomedical device manufacturers, or other corporations whose products or services are related to the subject matter of the article. Such relationships include, but are not limited to, employment by an industrial concern, ownership of stock, membership on a standing advisory council or committee, being on the board of directors, or being publicly associated with the company or its products. Other areas of real or perceived conflict of interest could include receiving honoraria or consulting fees or receiving grants or funds from such corporations or individuals representing such corporations. The corresponding author should collect Conflict of Interest information from all co-authors before submitting a manuscript online.
- Accuracy of reference data is the author's responsibility. Verify all entries against original sources, especially journal titles, inclusive page numbers, publication dates, accents, diacritical marks, and spelling in languages other than English.
- Do not list the month/issue/day (the number in parentheses) in the reference.
- References with more than 6 authors should list the first 6 authors followed by et al.
- Cite references in numerical order according to first mention in text.
- Personal communications, unpublished observations, and submitted manuscripts must be cited in the text, not in the references, as "([name(s)], unpublished data, 20XX)."
- References must be from a full-length publication in a peer-reviewed journal.
- Abstracts may be cited only if they are the sole source and must be identified in the references as "Abstract."
- "In-press" citations must have been accepted for publication and the name of the journal or book publisher included. Please provide a copy of any potentially overlapping manuscript that has been submitted to another journal or is in press or published elsewhere.
- Example of a journal reference:
- Mith AR, Asai Y, Kim M, Dirk TR, Karrus HF, Yang YS, et al. This is the title. Stroke. 2014;30:2407–2408.
- Examples of online journal references:
- Chamberlain AM, Brown RD, Alonso A, Gersh BJ, Killian JM, Weston SA, et al. No Decline in the Risk of Stroke Following Incident Atrial Fibrillation Since 2000 in the Community: A Concerning Trend. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5:e003408.
- Stroke Unit Trialists' Collaboration. Organised inpatient (stroke unit) care for stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013,9:CD000197.
- Example of a publish-ahead-of-print reference:
- Authors. Article Title. [published online ahead of print November 8, 2014]. Stroke. 2014. URL. Accessed November 20, 2014.
- Example of a book chapter reference:
- Amstand RR, Smithy RS, Kim LY. Chapter Title. In: Wong YT, Khan S, eds. Book Title. 3rd Ed. New York, NY: Publisher Name; 2009:456–464.
- Example of a website reference:
- CDC Chronic Disease Indicators: Indicator Definition. Hospitalization for cerebrovascular accident or stroke. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion web site. http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/cdi/IndDefinition.aspx?IndicatorDefinitionID=83. Accessed November 23, 2010.
- Web sites generally follow this format: Author names (if any). Title of information or page. Name of website. URL. Publication date (if any). Access date.
- Example of a Software Manual Reference:
- StataCorp. Stata statistical software: Release 12. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP; 2011.
- Example of a Government Bulletin:
- Author. Title of bulletin. Place of publication: Name of issuing department or agency; publication date. Page numbers (if any). Publication number (if any). Series number (if any).
- Example of a Database reference:
- CANCERNET-PDQ [database online]. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; 1996. Updated March 29, 1996.
- Provide figure legends on a separate page of the manuscript.
- Permission is required for all images that are reused or adapted from another source. To obtain permission, please follow the instructions provided by the copyright holder or listed in the license agreement. This includes Creative Commons material; please refer to http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ for more information about properly crediting Creative Commons sources. Follow the copyright holder or licensor's requirements for credit attributions and provide them in the figure legend. If no language is provided in the permission letter, use the following sample: Reprinted from Lin et al,19 with permission from Science Publishing. Copyright 2013, American Science Society.
- Each table must be typed on a separate sheet and double-spaced, if possible. The table number should be Arabic, followed by a period and a brief informative title.
- Use the same size type as in text.
- Tables should be cell-based (i.e., constructed using Microsoft Word tables or Excel). Do not use tabs or hard returns. Do not supply tables as graphics.
- Tables should be used to present comparisons of large amounts of data at a glance. Tables with only 1 or 2 rows of data should be incorporated into the text.
- Tables should be as compact as possible. Avoid unnecessary rows and columns.
- Use indenting within the stub column to indicate subgroups. Do not use bold, shading, rules, etc.
- Tables should not contain vertically merged cells; horizontally merged cells are permitted when necessary in the heading row.
- Internal headings are not permitted outside of the stub column. If internal headings are required, the table should be split into 2 tables.
- No internal shading is permitted.
- Units of measure should be in the heading row or stub column rather than the body of the table whenever possible.
- Indicate footnotes in the table in this order: *, †, ‡, §, | |, #, * * . Follow AMA 9th edition for footnote styles.
- Permission is required for all tables that are reused or adapted from another source. To obtain permission, please follow the instructions provided by the copyright holder or listed in the license agreement. Follow the copyright holder or licensor's requirements for credit attributions and provide them in the table footnote. If no language is provided in the permission letter, use the following sample: Reprinted from Yang et al,14 with permission from Smith Publishing. Copyright 2012, American Society of Medical Research.
- The combined total number of figures and tables is limited to 6 (3 for Brief Reports). Each figure may contain up to 4 panels (i.e., parts A to D) and must conform to the requirements for figures described below.
- Authors should be pleased with the figure submission quality before submission. We recommend that you print the figure at its final publication size to check the quality.
- Figures should be submitted as high-resolution TIFF or EPS files. PowerPoint files are discouraged because elements within the figure (such as axis labels) may shift location or drop out during conversion. If there are no other options, then a PPT file may be accepted. JPEG, Word, and Excel files should not be used. See Artwork and Table Guidelines (PDF) for instructions for creating high-quality digital art.
- Figures should be supplied at the highest resolution possible for optimal clarity. Color figures should be at least 300 dpi; halftones, 600 dpi; and line art, 1200 dpi.
- Figures should be submitted at the final publication size. Please note that most figures will be sized at 1 column wide. Dimensions for figures are:
1 column: 3.25 inches wide (8 cm or 19.5 picas)
2 columns: 6.80 inches wide (17.272 cm or 40.8 picas)
- Color figures should be in RGB (red/green/blue) mode. If a figure is supplied in CMYK (cyan/magenta/yellow/black) mode, there may be a shift in the appearance of colors, especially fluorescents. Figures that will appear in black and white should be submitted in black and white.
- For line and bar graphs and pie charts, ensure that the colors/lines/symbols used for the different sets of data are easily distinguishable. Hair lines are hard to reproduce as are lines that are too thick, as they may make it hard to distinquish between the coordinates.
- Graphs and charts should have a white background.
- Labels for panels should be uppercase letters (A, B, C, D) in boldface Arial or Helvetica.
- Multipart figures may have no more than 4 panels (i.e., A, B, C, D).
- Multipart figures may be set at 2 columns across the page and should be laid out horizontally if appropriate.
- Use the same font (typeface) throughout the figure. Sans serif fonts, such as Arial and Helvetica, work best.
- Use the largest font size possible without distorting the figures. Text for super- or subscripts should be no smaller than 6 points.
- Whenever possible, all text within a figure should be the same size. If this is not possible, the font size should vary by no more than 2 points.
- Label units of measure consistently with the text and legend. Follow the AMA for unit abbreviations.
- Incorporate figure keys into the legend rather than including them as part of the figure whenever possible.
- Avoid heading/Title on the figure. Title information should be included in the figure legends.
- Any abbreviations or symbols used in the figures must be defined in the figure or figure legend.
- Follow AMA 9th edition for footnote style in legends.
- If the figure is reprinted/adapted from another source, please provide a permission letter and include the source in the legend as noted above.
- Supply a scale bar with photomicrographs.
- Authors are responsible for the cost of printing color illustrations. Authors are also responsible for obtaining from the copyright holder permission to reproduce previously published artwork. Authors can check guidelines online at http://submit-stroke.aha-journals.org/ under Artwork and Table Guidelines (PDF).
- See AMA, 10th edition, Section 4.2 for more information on figures.
This optional section provides an opportunity for authors to present supporting materials to the manuscript. The manuscript appears both in the print version and online, whereas Online Supplements are independent from the manuscript and appear only online in the format submitted by the authors. Online Supplements undergo peer review and therefore must be submitted simultaneously with original submissions.
Any collaborators who need to be cross-referenced i