De Novo Aneurysm Formation and Growth of Untreated Aneurysms
A 5-Year MRA Follow-Up in a Large Cohort of Patients With Coiled Aneurysms and Review of the Literature
Background and Purpose—Rates of development of de novo intracranial aneurysms and of growth of untreated additional aneurysms are largely unknown. We performed MRA in a large patient cohort with coiled aneurysms at 5-year follow-up.
Methods—In 276 patients with coiled intracranial aneurysms and 5±0.5 years of follow-up MRA (totaling 1332 follow-up patient-years), additional aneurysms were classified as unchanged, grown, de novo, or incomparable with previous imaging. We calculated 5-year cumulative incidence of de novo aneurysm formation and growth of untreated aneurysms. We searched PubMed and EMBASE databases for studies assessing aneurysm development, and growth.
Results—In 50 of 276 patients (18%), 75 additional aneurysms were present at follow-up MRA. Of these 75, 2 were de novo (both 3 mm), 58 were unchanged, 5 had grown from 1 to 3 mm (7.9% of 63 known additional aneurysms; 95% CI, 1.3%–14.6%), and 10 were incomparable. Five-year cumulative incidence for a de novo aneurysm developing was 0.75%. Four additional aneurysms in 3 patients were treated. Ten previous studies reported annual incidences of growth of additional aneurysms ranging from 1.51% to 22.7%, and 5 studies reported annual incidences of de novo aneurysm formation ranging from 0.3 to 1.8%.
Conclusions—MRA screening of patients with coiled aneurysms within the first 5 years after treatment has a low rate of de novo aneurysm development and growth of additional aneurysms, and an even lower treatment rate.
- Received May 29, 2010.
- Accepted September 24, 2010.
- © 2010 American Heart Association, Inc.