Using Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator to Treat Acute Ischemic Stroke in China
Analysis of the Results From the Chinese National Stroke Registry (CNSR)
Background and Purpose—Little is known about intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) use in China. By accessing the Chinese National Stroke Registry (CNSR), the rate of intravenous rtPA use was reviewed. We specifically examined the issues of prehospital and in-emergency department delay and compared them with the published data from developed countries.
Methods—Funded by Chinese government, CNSR is the only nationwide stroke registry that includes 132 urban hospitals. All patients eligible for intravenous rtPA were included for analysis. We then compared the onset-to-needle time and door-to-needle time in the emergency department in China with those in developed countries.
Results—From September 2007 to August 2008, 14 702 patients with ischemic stroke were entered into CNSR. Among 11 675 patients with known time of stroke onset, 2514 (21.5%) presented to the emergency department within 3 hours, 1469 (12.6%) were eligible for thrombolytic treatment, and 284 (2.4%) were finally treated, 181 (1.6%) of them with intravenous rtPA. The median onset-to-needle time was 180 (interquartile range, 150 to 228) minutes; the median door-to-needle time was 116 (interquartile range, 70 to 150) minutes; the median imaging-to-needle time was 90 (interquartile range, 60 to 129) minutes. Patients who were younger, presented to the emergency department quicker, with higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores, having higher income, and better education had a better chance of receiving intravenous rtPA.
Conclusions—Approximately 1 in 5 patients with stroke presenting within 3 hours received thrombolytic therapy. The onset-to-needle time, door-to-needle time, and especially imaging-to-needle time were significantly longer than those in developed countries. Reducing prehospital and in-emergency department response time would help increase intravenous rtPA use in China.
- Received September 28, 2010.
- Revision received December 22, 2010.
- Accepted December 30, 2010.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.