Predicting Infarction Within the Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Lesion
Does the Mean Transit Time Have Added Value?
Background and Purpose—There is ample evidence that in anterior circulation stroke, the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion may escape infarction and thus is not a reliable infarct predictor. In this study, we assessed the predictive value of the mean transit time (MTT) for final infarction within the DWI lesion, first in patients scanned back-to-back with 15O-positron emission tomography and MR (DWI and perfusion-weighted imaging; “Cambridge sample”) within 7 to 21 hours of clinical onset, then in a large sample of patients with anterior circulation stroke receiving DWI and perfusion-weighted imaging within 12 hours (85% within 6 hours; “I-KNOW sample”).
Methods—Both samples underwent structural MRI at approximately 1 month to map final infarcts. For both imaging modalities, MTT was calculated as cerebral blood volume/cerebral blood flow. After image coregistration and matrix resampling, the MTT values between voxels of interest that later infarcted or not were compared separately within and outside DWI lesions (DWI+ and DWI−, respectively) both within and across patients. In the I-KNOW sample, receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated for these voxel of interest populations and areas under the curve and optimal thresholds calculated.
Results—In the Cambridge data set (n=4), there was good concordance between predictive values of MTTpositron emission tomography and MTTperfusion-weighted imaging for both DWI+ and DWI− voxels of interest indicating adequate reliability of MTTperfusion-weighted imaging for this purpose. In the I-KNOW data set (N=42), the MTT significantly added to the DWI lesion to predict infarction in both DWI− and DWI+ voxels of interest with areas under the curve approximately 0.78 and 0.64 (both P<0.001) and optimal thresholds approximately 8 seconds and 11 seconds, respectively.
Conclusions—Despite the relatively small samples, this study suggests that adding MTTperfusion-weighted imaging may improve infarct prediction not only as already known outside, but also within, DWI lesions.
- Received October 27, 2010.
- Revision received December 22, 2010.
- Accepted January 11, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.