Association Between VEGF Polymorphisms and Homocysteine Levels in Patients With Ischemic Stroke and Silent Brain Infarction
Background and Purpose—Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a role in atherosclerosis-related diseases such as cerebrovascular or cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of VEGF -2578C>A, -1154G>A, -634G>C, and 936C>T polymorphisms on the susceptibility to stroke and silent brain infarction has not been reported.
Methods—Using polymerase chain reaction-amplified DNA, VEGF polymorphisms were analyzed in 615 patients with ischemic stroke, 376 patients with silent brain infarction, and 494 control subjects.
Results—The AA and CC+CA (C allele bearing) genotype frequencies of the -2578C>A polymorphism and the CT+TT (T allele-bearing) genotype frequency of the 936C>T polymorphism were significantly different between the stroke and control groups (false discovery rate-adjusted probability values of 0.016, 0.044, and 0.044, respectively). When stratified by the size of the occluded vessel, the VEGF polymorphisms were associated with patients with multiple small-artery occlusions. Several haplotypes of the VEGF polymorphisms were significantly different between the control and stroke groups. With respect to silent brain infarction, the difference in the frequency of the -634G>C polymorphism between the GC+CC (C allele-bearing) genotype and the controls was marginally significant (false discovery rate-adjusted probability value of 0.056). On the other hand, the -634G>C and 936C>T polymorphisms were associated with plasma homocysteine levels of patients with multiple or single small-artery occlusions, respectively.
Conclusions—This study suggests that VEGF polymorphisms and haplotypes are possible genetic determinants for the risk of ischemic stroke, particularly in patients with multiple small-artery occlusions. However, VEGF polymorphisms had only a weak association with plasma homocysteine levels in the Korean population.
- Received November 8, 2010.
- Revision received February 23, 2011.
- Accepted March 15, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.