Atherogenic Dyslipidemia in Patients With Transient Ischemic Attack
Background and Purpose—There is mounting evidence that atherogenic dyslipidemia (ie, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol combined with high triglyceride concentrations) is an independent predictor of high cardiovascular risk and possibly of stroke.
Methods—All patients included in the SOS-TIA cohort underwent an initial standardized evaluation, including medical history, physical examination, routine blood biochemistry, and diagnostic testing, and were followed for 1 year. Lipid profile was evaluated under fasting conditions. Atherogenic dyslipidemia was defined as high-density lipoprotein cholesterol blood concentration ≤40 mg/dL and triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL.
Results—Among 1471 consecutive patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke, overall prevalence of atherogenic dyslipidemia was 5.8%, but varied from 4.6% to 11.1%, depending on final diagnosis (possible TIA or TIA with a cerebral ischemic lesion, respectively). Prevalence of atherogenic dyslipidemia was independently associated with male sex, diabetes, and body mass index, but not with ABCD2 score. Atherogenic dyslipidemia also strongly associated with symptomatic intracranial stenosis ≥50% (adjusted odds ratio, 2.77; 95% CI, 1.38–5.55), but not with symptomatic extracranial stenosis ≥50% (adjusted odds ratio, 1.20; 95% CI, 0.64–2.26). Despite appropriate secondary prevention treatment, 90-day stroke risk was greater in patients with versus without atherogenic dyslipidemia (4.8% versus 1.7%; P=0.04).
Conclusions—The atherogenic dyslipidemia phenotype in patients with TIA may be associated with intracranial artery stenosis and higher risk of early recurrent stroke. Additional data are needed to confirm these findings and to assess the best way to reduce important residual risk in such patients.
- Received November 30, 2010.
- Accepted March 1, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.