Restoring Neuronal Function After Stroke by Cell Replacement
Anatomic and Functional Considerations
Background and Purpose—A major challenge to effective treatment after stroke is the restoration of neuronal function. In recent years, cell-based therapies for stroke have been explored in experimental animal models, and the results have suggested behavioral improvements. However, the anatomic targets of a cell-based stroke therapy and the relationship of cell grafts to post stroke reorganization are poorly understood, which results in difficulties defining strategies for neuronal substitution. Given that stroke causes a variety of secondary changes at locations beyond the infarct lesion, overcoming these difficulties is even more important.
Summary of Review—We describe which brain structures and cell types are candidates for substitution and how new neuronal functionality could be implemented in a damaged brain by capitalizing on current concepts of post stroke plasticity.
- Received January 7, 2011.
- Revision received March 29, 2011.
- Accepted April 18, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.