Higher Incidence of In-Hospital Complications in Patients With Clipped Versus Coiled Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysms
Background and Purpose—After aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), patients with clipped aneurysms have a higher incidence of neurocognitive deficits and seizures compared with patients with coiled aneurysms. It remains unknown if patients with clipped aneurysms also have a higher incidence of other in-hospital complications.
Methods—We used data from the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network on consecutive patients admitted to hospital with aneurysmal SAH. Patients who died within 2 days after admission were excluded. Baseline characteristics, incidence of various in-hospital complications within 30 days after admission, length of stay, poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score at discharge of ≥3), and mortality were compared between patients with clipped versus coiled aneurysms.
Results—Of the 931 patients, 548 (59%) were clipped and 383 (41%) coiled. Baseline characteristics were similar. Compared with patients with coiled aneurysms, patients with clipped aneurysms had a higher incidence of in-hospital complications (37.2% versus 24.5% of patients; P<0.0001), poor functional outcome at discharge (69.4% versus 51.4%; P<0.0001), mortality (at discharge: 14.6% versus 9.1%; P=0.01), and a longer length of stay (17 [interquartile range, 11 to 29] versus 13 [interquartile range, 7 to 22] days; P<0.0001). Higher incidences were observed for urinary tract infection (P=0.02), pneumonia (P=0.01), cardiac/respiratory arrest (P=0.007), seizure (P=0.01), and decubitus ulcer (P=0.02). Urinary tract infection, pneumonia, cardiac/respiratory arrest, and seizure were independent predictors of poor functional outcome.
Conclusions—Patients with clipped aneurysms have a higher incidence of in-hospital complications than patients with coiled aneurysms, which attributes to a higher risk of poor functional outcome and death and an increased length of stay.
- Received March 3, 2011.
- Revision received May 7, 2011.
- Accepted May 19, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.