Lipoprotein (a) and Carotid Atherosclerosis in Young Patients With Stroke
Background and Purpose—Elevated lipoprotein (a) concentration is associated with carotid atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older patients with ischemic stroke. This association has not been explored in young patients with stroke.
Methods—A retrospective analysis of data from patients aged 16 to 54 years consecutively treated for acute ischemic stroke in a tertiary stroke unit during 4.5 years was performed. We graded carotid atherosclerosis using carotid duplex as: no atherosclerosis (A); plaque without stenosis (B); or stenosis ≥50% (C).
Results—One hundred ninety-six patients were included (male/female: 119/77; mean age±SD: 44.3±8.6 years): 115 in Group A; 67 in Group B; and 14 in Group C. Multivariate analysis using polynomial logistic regression showed a graded association of lipoprotein (a) plasma concentration with carotid atherosclerosis (P<0.001).
Conclusions—Our results showed a positive association of lipoprotein (a) plasma concentration with carotid atherosclerosis in young adults with ischemic stroke. This association was strong, graded, and independent of traditional risk factors including cholesterol.
- Received May 1, 2011.
- Revision received July 1, 2011.
- Accepted July 8, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.