Transthoracic Echocardiography to Rule Out Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation as a Cause of Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack
Background and Purpose—We assessed whether echocardiography can predict paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in patients with cerebral ischemia presenting in sinus rhythm.
Methods—Within the prospective Find-AF cohort, 193 consecutive patients with cerebral ischemia and sinus rhythm on presentation had evaluation of echocardiographic parameters of left atrial size and function. PAF was diagnosed by 7-day Holter monitoring.
Results—In 26 patients with PAF, late diastolic Doppler (A) and tissue Doppler (a') velocities were lower whereas left atrial diameter, left atrial volume index (LAVI), LAVI/A, and LAVI/a' were larger (P<0.05 for all) than they were in 167 patients without PAF. In multivariate models A, a', LAVI/A, and LAVI/a' predicted the presence of PAF. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to diagnose PAF was highest for LAVI/a' (0.813 [0.738; 0.889]). A previously suggested cut-off of LAVI/a' <2.3 had 92% sensitivity, 55.8% specificity, and 98% negative predictive value for PAF.
Conclusions—LAVI/a' <2.3 can effectively rule out PAF in patients with cerebral ischemia.
- Received July 18, 2011.
- Accepted July 29, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.