Manual Aspiration Thrombectomy
Adjunctive Endovascular Recanalization Technique in Acute Stroke Interventions
Background and Purpose—We evaluated recanalization rates, clinical outcomes, and safety when manual aspiration thrombectomy is used in conjunction with other thrombolytic modalities in a consecutive case series of patients with large vessel intracranial occlusion.
Methods—We conducted a retrospective review of a prospectively acquired acute endovascular stroke database. Manual aspiration thrombectomy was carried out with Distal Access and Penumbra reperfusion catheters of different sizes placed in the thrombus and aspirated with a syringe.
Results—We identified 191 patients: Occlusion locations were as follows: M1% to 50%, M2% to 10%, internal carotid artery terminus 25%, and vertebrobasilar 15%. Median treatment duration was 90 minutes. Recanalization results were Thrombolysis in Myocardial Ischemia 2/3 93%, Thrombolysis in Myocardial Ischemia 3 27%, Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction 2a/2b/3 91%, Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction 2b/3 71%, and Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction 3 25%. Larger catheters were associated with higher recanalization rates. Parenchymal hematoma rate was 13.6%. The favorable outcome (90-day modified Rankin Scale ≤2) rate was 54%. Mortality at 90 days was 25%.
Conclusions—Manual aspiration thrombectomy is a useful addition to the armamentarium of endovascular treatment modalities for acute stroke.
- Received December 3, 2011.
- Accepted January 10, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.