Single-Center Experience of Cerebral Artery Thrombectomy Using the TREVO Device in 60 Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background and Purpose—We sought to explore the safety and efficacy of the new TREVO stent-like retriever in consecutive patients with acute stroke.
Methods—We conducted a prospective, single-center study of 60 patients (mean age, 71.3 years; male 47%) with stroke lasting <8 hours in the anterior circulation (n=54) or <12 hours in the vertebrobasilar circulation (n=6) treated if CT perfusion/CT angiography confirmed a large artery occlusion, ruled out a malignant profile, or showed target mismatch if symptoms >4.5 hours. Successful recanalization (Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction 2b–3), good outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 0–2) and mortality at Day 90, device-related complications, and symptomatic hemorrhage (parenchymal hematoma Type 1 or parenchymal hematoma Type 2 and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score increment ≥4 points) were prospectively assessed.
Results—Median (interquartile range) National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on admission was 18 (12–22). The median (interquartile range) time from stroke onset to groin puncture was 210 (173–296) minutes. Successful revascularization was obtained in 44 (73.3%) of the cases when only the TREVO device was used and in 52 (86.7%) when other devices or additional intra-arterial tissue-type plasminogen activator were also required. The median time (interquartile range) of the procedure was 80 (45–114) minutes. Good outcome was achieved in 27 (45%) of the patients and the mortality rate was 28.3%. Seven patients (11.7%) presented a symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. No other major complications were detected.
Conclusions—The TREVO device was reasonably safe and effective in patients with severe stroke. These results support further investigation of the TREVO device in multicentric registries and randomized clinical trials.
- Received October 4, 2011.
- Revision received February 9, 2012.
- Accepted February 16, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.