Detection of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation by 30-Day Event Monitoring in Cryptogenic Ischemic Stroke
The Stroke and Monitoring for PAF in Real Time (SMART) Registry
Background and Purpose—Patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke may have undetected paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). We established the Stroke and Monitoring for PAF in Real Time (SMART) Registry to determine the yield of 30-day outpatient PAF monitoring in cryptogenic ischemic stroke.
Methods—The SMART Registry was a 3-year, prospective multicenter registry of 239 patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke undergoing 30-day outpatient autotriggered PAF detection in Kaiser Permanente Northern California.
Results—In intention-to-monitor analysis, PAF was detected in 29 of 239 patients (12.1%; 95% CI, 8.6%–16.9%). After retrospective chart review was performed, a new diagnosis of PAF was confirmed in 26 of 236 patients (11.0%; 95% CI, 7.6%–15.7%). The majority of detected PAF events were asymptomatic; only 6 of 98 recorded PAF events (6.1%) were patient-triggered or associated with symptoms.
Conclusions—Approximately 1 in every 9 patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke was found to have new PAF within 30 days. Routine monitoring in this population should be strongly considered.
- Received May 29, 2012.
- Revision received June 26, 2012.
- Accepted June 28, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.