Randomized Controlled Trial of Symptomatic Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis
Endovascular Versus Medical Therapy in a Chinese population
Background and Purpose—To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) for symptomatic middle cerebral artery stenosis compared with standard medical treatment in a low-risk Chinese population.
Methods—A prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center clinical trial was conducted comparing PTAS with medical treatment for symptomatic middle cerebral artery stenosis (≥70%). Patients were enrolled according to 1:1 enroll ratio (PTAS: medical). The PTAS group received stenting or balloon angioplasty, whereas the medical treatment group received standard medical treatment (aspirin 100 mg plus clopidogrel 75 mg/d), and all the patients were under strict control of the risk factors. The end point events were any kind of ipsilateral stroke or transient ischemic attack, or death from any origin during 1-year follow-up.
Results—The enrollment was stopped after 70 patients were enrolled from August 2007 to December 2010, with a 30-day rate of end point events of 8.3% versus 5.9% (P=0.69) for PTAS and medical group, respectively, and 1-year rate of end point events of 19.4% versus 17.6% (P=0.85), respectively. There was no significant difference in baseline characteristics between the 2 groups. The mean follow-up time, which was ongoing, was 9.9 ± 3.9 and 9.7 ± 4.4 months, respectively. Among the risk factors, hypertension was the independent related to the outcome (P=0.015).
Conclusions—This study showed that endovascular treatment is as safe but not better than medical treatment for symptomatic middle cerebral artery stenosis in a low-risk Chinese population. History of hypertension increases the risk of recurrent ischemic events.
- angioplasty and stenting
- antiplatelet agents
- middle cerebral artery
- transient ischemic attack
- Received May 1, 2012.
- Revision received August 30, 2012.
- Accepted August 31, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.