Enhanced Neuroprotection by Local Intra-Arterial Infusion of Human Albumin Solution and Local Hypothermia
Background and Purpose—We investigated the potential benefit of using a local infusion of low-dose and cold human albumin in ischemic rats as compared with systemic delivery.
Methods—Stroke was induced in rats, and at 2 hours treatment groups received 0°C saline or low-dose albumin at 0°C or 37°C infused into the ischemic area.
Results—The local low-dose cold albumin infusion, which achieved the hypothermic temperature (P<0.001), produced the greatest reduction in infarct volume and the best recovery of neurological function.
Conclusions—The local low-dose cold albumin infusion into the ischemic area offered a combination of regional brain hypothermia and albumin administration, which enhanced neuroprotection and would be beneficial in the clinical setting.
- Received August 29, 2012.
- Revision received August 29, 2012.
- Accepted September 21, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.