MR-DWI–Positive Lesions and Symptomatic Ischemic Complications After Coiling of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms
Background and Purpose—The aims of this study are to evaluate the risk factors for symptomatic ischemic complication (symptomatic ischemic complication [SIC], transient ischemic attack, or stroke) and microembolisms detected as MR diffusion-weighted imaging (MR-DWI)–positive (DWI(+)) lesions, and the relationship between DWI(+) and SIC after coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysm.
Methods—Between March 2009 and November 2011, 382 unruptured intracranial aneurysms in 343 patients underwent both coiling and posttreatment MR-DWI. The incidence of and risk factors for SIC and DWI(+), and the relationship between DWI(+) and SIC were retrospectively analyzed.
Results—The incidence of SIC was 4.1%. The incidence of DWI(+) was 54.5%. The number of DWI(+) lesions was significantly larger in the SIC group, than in the asymptomatic one (12.1±10.4 versus 5.0±8.7, P<0.00). The cutoff value of DWI(+) for predicting SIC was ≥6 (sensitivity 85.7%, specificity 70.7%). The patients with DWI(+) ≥6 was 28.6%. Of the patients with SIC, the patients with DWI(+) ≥6 was 78.6%. Patients aged≥65 years had a trend for SIC, and it was the only independent risk factor for DWI(+) ≥cutoff (n=6; 95%CI, 1.167–3.083).
Conclusions—The number of DWI(+) lesions was significantly larger in the SIC group than in the asymptomatic one after coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysm. Patients aged≥65 had a trend for SIC, and it was the only independent risk factor for the number of DWI(+) ≥cutoff value (n=6) for predicting SIC.
- Received July 4, 2012.
- Revision received October 7, 2012.
- Accepted October 13, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.