Association of Hypertension With Stroke Recurrence Depends on Ischemic Stroke Subtype
Background and Purpose—The association between hypertension (HTN) and stroke recurrence is unclear, but may be influenced by different subtypes of stroke. This study aims to explore whether HTN contributes to the recurrence of certain subtypes of ischemic stroke (IS).
Methods—Data from the China National Stroke Registry was examined and 1-year follow-up data for stroke recurrence was analyzed. Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment criteria was used to classify the subtypes of all IS. HTN was defined when resting blood pressure was ≥140/90 mm Hg on repeated measurements during hospitalization or a patient had been on antihypertensive medication. Recurrent stroke was defined as a new neurological deficit compatible to IS or intracerebral hemorrhage. The association between HTN and stroke recurrence in patients with different IS subtypes was analyzed by using univariable and multivariable logistic regression models.
Results—Of 11 560 patients with IS, 8409 (72.7%) had HTN and 2050 (17.7%) experienced a recurrent stroke within 1 year. Patients with HTN had an insignificantly higher stroke recurrence rate than those without (18.0% versus 17.0%; P=0.21). After stratification by Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment subtypes, multivariable analysis revealed a significant association between HTN and stroke recurrence in small-artery occlusion subtype (odds ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.03–2.31), but not in the other subtypes (large-artery atherosclerosis: odds ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval, 0.81–1.21; cardioembolic: odds ratio, 1.14; 95% confidence interval, 0.75–1.73; other: odds ratio, 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.71–1.09).
Conclusions—Our results showed that HTN is specifically related to the recurrent strokes in patients with small-vessel diseases, not other subtypes of IS.
- Received November 28, 2012.
- Accepted January 22, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.