Immunohistochemical Analysis of Thrombi Retrieved During Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke
Does Stent-Retriever Cause Intimal Damage?
Background and Purpose—To provide evidence whether mechanical thrombectomy with stent-retrievers in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke causes intimal damage.
Methods—This study analyzed thrombi retrieved by mechanical thrombectomy from cerebral arteries in 48 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke for the presence of endothelial cells using CD34 antibodies.
Results—Of 48 thrombi analyzed, CD34-positive cells were absent in 20, present as isolated cells in 21, and found in clusters in 7 thrombi. We did not find any subendothelial vessel wall structures.
Conclusions—Our findings suggest that mechanical thrombectomy with stent-retrievers does not cause relevant intimal damage in acute ischemic stroke treatment.
Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.germanctr.de. Unique identifier: DRKS00004695
- Received January 30, 2013.
- Accepted March 15, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.