Clot Burden Score on Admission T2*-MRI Predicts Recanalization in Acute Stroke
Background and Purpose—To propose a T2*-MR adaptation of the computed tomography angiography-clot burden score (CBS), and assess its value as predictor of 24-hour recanalization and clinical outcome in anterior circulation stroke treated by intravenous thrombolysis ≤4.5 hours from onset.
Methods—Two independent observers retrospectively analyzed pretreatment T2* images for evaluation of clot burden, using a 10-point scale T2*-CBS. Three points are subtracted for susceptibility vessel sign in the supraclinoid internal carotid artery, 2 points each for susceptibility vessel sign in the proximal and distal part of middle cerebral artery, and 1 point each for susceptibility vessel sign in middle cerebral artery branches (with a maximum of 2 points) and for susceptibility vessel sign in anterior cerebral artery. Associations with 24-hour recanalization and favorable outcome (3-month modified Rankin Scale score, ≤2) were assessed in multivariate analyses.
Results—We analyzed 184 consecutive patients (mean age, 67 years) with median (interquartile range) admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and onset-to-treatment time of 15 (9–19) and 151 (120–185) minutes, respectively. The intraclass correlation for T2*-CBS between observers was 0.97 (95% confidence interval, 0.97–0.98). In multivariate analyses, T2*-CBS >6 was significantly associated with 24-hour recanalization (adjusted odds ratio, 5.1 [1.9–13.5]; P=0.001) or with favorable outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 4.2 [1.7–10.8]; P=0.003).
Conclusions—T2*-CBS, a new reproducible semiquantitative score adapted from the computed tomography angiography-CBS, is associated with 24-hour recanalization and 3-month outcome after intravenous thrombolysis. This score needs external validation and could be useful to identify poor responders to intravenous thrombolysis.
- Received January 31, 2013.
- Revision received March 28, 2013.
- Accepted April 18, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.