Cerebral Ischemia and Reperfusion Increases the Heterogeneity of Local Oxygen Supply/Consumption Balance
Background and Purpose—After cerebral vessel blockage, local blood flow and O2 consumption becomes lower and oxygen extraction increases. With reperfusion, blood flow is partially restored. We examined the effects of ischemia-reperfusion on the heterogeneity of local venous oxygen saturation in rats in order to determine the pattern of microregional O2 supply/consumption balance in reperfusion.
Methods—The middle cerebral artery was blocked for 1 hour using the internal carotid approach in 1 group (n=9) and was then reperfused for 2 hours in another group (n=9) of isoflurane-anesthetized rats. Regional cerebral blood flow was determined using a C14-iodoantipyrine autoradiographic technique. Regional small vessel arterial and venous oxygen saturations were determined microspectrophotometrically.
Results—After 1 hour of ischemia, local cerebral blood flow (92±10 versus 50±10 mL/min per 100 g) and O2 consumption (4.5±0.6 versus 2.7±0.5 mL O2/min per 100 g) decreased compared with the contralateral cortex. Oxygen extraction increased (4.7±0.2 versus 5.4±0.3 mL O2/100 mL) and the variation in small vein (20–60 μm) O2 saturation as determined by its coefficient of variation (=100×SD/mean) increased (5.5 versus 10.5). With 2 hours of reperfusion, the blood flow decrement was reduced and O2 consumption returned to the value in the contralateral cortex. Oxygen extraction remained elevated in the ischemic-reperfused area and the coefficient of variation of small vein O2 saturation increased further (17.3).
Conclusions—These data indicated continued reduction of O2 supply/consumption balance with reperfusion. They also demonstrated many small regions of low oxygenation within the reperfused cortical region.
- cerebral blood flow
- cerebral O2 consumption
- cerebral O2 supply/consumption balance
- Received February 12, 2013.
- Revision received April 29, 2013.
- Accepted May 22, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.